Pages Menu
TwitterRss
Categories Menu

Posted by on Aug 17, 2011 in R Spatial, Resources, Visualisation | 5 comments

PNG  IHDRvF( IDATx[u4{[VԖIW%DئHJ"$q.Sr ^(RB)`O _-9u-[Ewun>=x79i R˸~c1ZafW]aO0vvJR YZǛMfn5^xh&c}cm#,pgONOUL>m<`jm-,7>F쨶mf~> 3sGa!ѭ =h,1дu2_y5\l}{ce~=mϴYF%ykT]A ޠtއ[={ 85;;; rԆ]lY:7KIU;;y{kdcNysl).v|sѱw]X7i% \{777{vڃ^z{G?woX.]`_1{/os?6dl.ע @0(G 3yPhXX""'m# F)dm<,|KV1·w>`eG ƘNeT{jEnW:{VRf+fI_dž_l,tC|yΓE,lH[RO)c-HQ)x{]#+ZpjA~% <%ArJ9J;u_g`cηRIrwXV8͓19?Ԟ-! dX7"/ISޑq|)mO VOxA/h,lVRs+z9GAܾ'u.N!wS DhMx\s+l""-)x5h+(d,ﲉdb7&2 Cg7Crѵ "8WԹ-WjpyW}V7=2?%3h_4ӛhy1nnOx eG )F27D/yx1&"qshR.I[mǑxdY0)v]6zWbЄ;A9 iGNt4`fE5{K˜BHFnk:6OOs۾ #3o \e5f=ZQY-@_üzn)6W^ս IR ׂu ;T[?켉zVȟ)Mey*D ؤ A$46hg'y5^c T>w|`;'O:U-}Q,U69+dEʲv_SLm7-dʭ7:j_EӻNiJdEޟm۱=w<}=|a,47#b[yPB_iҙoֽqn+<[h{q^|@o7ׁ=ٝU]ZRɗ'qet@;΅ |X׭Xo(sn%^a~ ֒Nyͻ?{M[5#\5Xq$X&LNXxq="[ ܋xD&4TGUuۇ(zYk4'KtVb+CऌkUlp4XG9%ʨ<%N[𴣔dwժ'* DK6Xas=*q;O`13;\=t!vU{3TWW|6b&k5>}~zS~y::OOtH)~NUcVsx5cYˋNӬ4:^d/2ck's"z9kgBS{eϹVU/%u1rkv H0z'"۶x:DφwYP I\v'kJ5 K}>XtV `pwYV:Yه 㐫4̞tmՆIc=TV|8N(~l s;O^s{f3],hcnW0>|v<{߽d?<~º:鋤lt%n[c,ꡭΗ7Ytݍ]T4|rq>}$xwjh;DN\`3O(\܅&#_la*q!q)C\G_7c]{l.adat09{^ApqhʮbVriA70– .b wNݡ9?Օ$^g/6j<<٨2cwjr{̹ϤJܧ3>DN,&)/9~ί?vkO}}n%q9B6SL^LM~%d]G?MO_DbCWHI/s×{>xjmЗ#Fj.v}75iK$gfx<+E&%ye}-05"JMJ=l}*|BVsq>.[_W|9J0׼~׼x(uƃ][&:5N?_6"c .BhqtP2vDd;>o۫ 񇽆{+q6@󠱷\ T4ө蔀 >xpi}jC|,5]⅑szL|>4JuJv|;۳%3DyiItό &Qf-ƒ3OMrC$|sa|u/~^{k.{G췮~pb ?8|g*Џٕ|)$ؕNC` -g=Oz%_JET9c>hE$B-B"%cz5j^FuWiAY`P8ڂ8Ospb8_[m?~`yvЯ~'#ICS"Î~?ŸIF "Hb3H#';׹u(͂pqhEK7X81FK$#/FORU܃屲KYŸG}ޡ?nhIJ2*76BC%R0/$VY4:=@fb3rXU! ҫ$b+}*lUHXAQ2YR"R+˙t@CTM@b̬@-5d~m<nhfj2q3nگ?{_={'iAm ڒ`ׁiB[Et^:5j/hYy'vRVwQ!Mg RUK>P XS#L0U1WfKd_t\v _$X̻ \MwٟޖgL]Dvh,Y b 0UߟhC)EތpN/r,TdQ da;*\MBf5$;{{_9m'U7db,n50R,MTm"A=+*BEf`(-+UovE=H9Ä6&=HyZNǯ"+8aJ1W oM RAѿ$Щ C*`iCkK9BVAÊ4,hдz1TlbF*N{5@vB}e3t;ib |uªj6S7_x޲άW*L{2"1'A.`ZNw9JcO\BbܔD`f_L1F>E.n>sui7'u@sVڂ+h:F$fa?uGG/H. Br,̟p j*㗅NL(k*o4)2+ͮeXؒq,ؿJ8?:FRPIaO2W͸ !AtFOJ/yo{ ,A ~K:J`W\WNܽ+(q3qF["f@g ؕp%B }ܝ1=*(4* KLWmZbJd0x̒U'Icd!U ΐ _ b.Ֆ E\ ~иg]@@P`{v& TUJCa8>3IF#eLo:uNNBDnmDp2&ڹjc OB IM . Tl=H&0=!nVB^,v`JŘ9uLXtQ# /*`p}Ah8@&/"ָnYb _\'C62)v*VB^Nqrl/_1>}( >torα LI\̇c{NOV@Q[9'3Qwoo!X-J`6N|r|N`T_'r{*ڎP%Ft9q  RSۥBħ C؊W:}қ]=Ğn0oJTe#i2)k[:4R˭z-D6AMT Gm ^ǀFp REB_j^dAp\Җߞh31J(|6p"5Y*0цK.R$)Wio$KYb); l%cSf >Վ"6a5JLԧ-3N;/?Mۤio(}H^[Qc<ң`:ɭWR>T,%ZPbM_蓬)K=Hv1hq}z^JEO nCFOTU\#ipQihʹ Ra)u#Ekqdt'_h1t}Ņ2$[|kHF1NI9=ͷ?Jhl8k'b r˾bøm|ki Fppi&PΖ$PO#Ǭ;lP2;AVSB AgšL% '>WǦ6gI Kh h.(T>zr7&;h%}$fj"XL7yS-N]>&{$P/i5 \(zYްFG*"Jh!Q[Xƞ+g`!2'$ 3|?45/{W{oGP5WnwC b~ +>z&h+:?5 ԈX6V%dȽǐ{uߡ9aҶ5m[a 3 h$ByA`7]j7~VP4(i% i}"+hq Rɖ1E%RXL#LZy~&\>1*ݳ6x"-}¶gQ35pqR/DG2Jǽ6hAge;Wv/'lꔎfY I=1bgu=xI8GY{cQZ(DL=ǛK^eWx6j_9Fs5%vN3[gcb<, H^4Ri9e8]eV#-Fqoe>r o<lB SIJL89\sAW/߮J,P-oÐif =tg{JWv@a8ŀݸJm=Ԣ4[2g`[i]UeMM !$ZMRUB ԯH/Zr(}|⋌7&+Wd'=تDGu׵X8T@C譛0,Ďs o#Z^Im$bڌ% Ny3%V1aoڧ?'\l}[y ;Nl#zfʓV+GܽjsK [R8} zeKWV:$;-9֪Sۡr«Nl%SwRoL@+Nt +`zK2uDō398[xlaxY>HE/Un&,()n&%X{<9慞}ܙ׹ZoO. gO0W{n.+gضajl\{ _;:w\VRc|lc{!< o!hwv-p3Eoƺq|T -)4||۷9nM~T̛VAG~8N(zWTNP' r\:&׬͊Psut1N"ze:4 z`|Q, TK'i7L>f66KL% d,<|;۷ffG7D`ׁX668r476}?+Vl7AeAqVA$p϶l~Uƃ0پO >G$cR(eӵ3=}BO&%ʉ~̱- [L_9\C£+I0KB뱸s$a"yDrYvcEm<хdffms\0kMV-ɀ.y{h`VW=#+<;'"%2Dbs-°Q?ZՑ81Z9b_ufŸ ٯ6NЌ_`KP7ˡt *IٰL*[0yˬ` IDAT^lO ryȼe(2m# dĿmd0,b-oZ쵹HWwXBj5Gg4@mɌ&#ax0άTv،NB"RluXo9/i28~$r,(ݎ/ev(C̳<_9~F{*=DG6]*u9`K{&Vӛ&^lhZTX&a_e"."z>Im#B5 6MY[<>V euF GBR(֜ۙ~KeJ+i52.EV\Du  0ta.tD`MX kT\|Lj-r'{]-yF,кQɯQLMխY+k 𥤣ϕhqLʇ_3Puב,xB-5]awmae~-ٽjk>UshU)2tR_WK6Y bݍo$"Ba\MybCt'Xn[cAw2yU2 zyJ/=Qfƒ4ź('rE4:P7\ZTXX7\|9ݾy26O+D2ͱ1*MO[0o$ @@-J۰9Th+&^%,6bU^aGy~}9 v`2 # v\aQiaW @. B Q>Ll&ؐ}M(6E_3Ă̶ gb!8q $p=j*4ab KN04*<W/PZՊ!JU͌CTG5o< I}%ou$/=0Lґ_P+]Ef#_2Mgl=tn PaZ \?qÉ͌`[?1eE8Fo\!a1df5WDpDb%[: _A8<'Uu_]ӟ;no,H|Y䞆R9ui"Xm.'=, ,M#İJpXmEӏ&פǫ;@hEV0dmYIx:sPM< ԁF:{@83ӽ6q bv/])6g8OK!#19!'9JIn]O3OuoܓOZm'Inb6'`opT‚K`_d|m^)ԁW$Ъl+ L#7rUs._ 3;/Jo௶0Oo){LgC 5ۜZm&moHk V ^V1!}|-(MyFtE;*`oO A唀12IiLkJtEjm[w @6dc`6&TqAzJجF$3 VG dz0pO{ T"K rY8/ fXkM"R U.:+Wɷ hfknx!)G w0i'=IY['[jnנcL1XΖ1ۀѴ)Xh^!-8/36~Ztb{gV_8ᇽ h83<^bx㲱v[C~;\?_$!InΕjҜ LeUT>fq3e0|Vx<0p!2䀯>ʹ(ͥ"k~å2)f<S=!-Vb)`㹣lfk>tӏ9i6㣀j$'zspjKAqS$£ ]7pP~rivKr<ϲ'lg^Z\cj;6k9ӿ$4<[/8i?NűXr ܵ*._ _n|kph|Z\cȂuyjE3`J)=j78^ل۲0*3&Xg/j$;zƱ|.]\$YȿuovyU;/R~E8WQT3(р e1NbI <% j2hIKIh~VJ>/z76Ka" -ZbԼyOf b8\ob43b7: 0486Tm_Jw=R= `ƻfvNȏȎ]}{=h{'vixӋ㟌t뢉ӹعZ#a+;Ǩn(d¹r]4<9u"GljUR)K_t2G/Mw1 }&ec@PD;}v'[ΐ Kh#ɅG99Ɖ6_r-lIH${Xl+{Jt-L~M=?﹏Ecr#tK[RQ2J1.J̶s<̝@G%)ZfC$DIwKڃR{N}үp8 Vnv$+|a/_,9's;tbgv:>;6 MI_ގ3vZ=;=Ǣ@U ^IT&}FWӠҾ^usN33lr皔 fۋgxD[#8)*&yhJn;1ю:MQecfuZJP :[7iX)5$•0>0^ŋ/!M^ͳ-x,Ɵr,E@zۓFkЬV`%3!6_&Iϸ m־B2>"^'33h]>݀:[H3sG‘XQ坮%<@_$729q: )1/2d|;^HL FnF8-tB2,ECU%%CE+eaStU<FcM!4]wv/me!ThR>d)0wÙ@-.E#L, sLZ\n{׼]vK-Ȁf6e:Dʁg:9.T(cW9(B!!::^ v[ moȊ߇҄%+鐤>&͙$TLiȱvyC 0^m-!23| %mz*˚WJ&]9WX7h Ηmc3bcQrH U?R %8p'cF#3Pj? Nsv ۅEUнEz%?(Wy'Nveaw_,g_P F Aį+Jֱ')RRo[bw]0֎?)9-x:]KlS+Fɒrh+N"K[ ڴ:@x+i=!1>\OEO|YOVG|#W0;EKHvgF$TyT5rdɛ/#r2RU)#n! Ҥj 60@X99qzV[8`N&(c!@%KN% ƴ),N@xHe9(iȰ8.zlKPJGoCImA*1UQ)|ѡS}O@2{㴻F`4ζ iT̋5;l5[U4s4Nz[£rԎM?(jQ6z1hGmuxڪdCP.ښ-E-CX5?Dgn3]GjU=[VH\ 8a۰nŊB*ݬʞ%2鋤ʹ7Mykbvbw.2*sg˹A6B>2씢 iedf"VwsE[NUxb 3;9iurvbgq+H*9HL&0< hLMüBYEV]XA ڀ9\)n'IQ9ueXJrT( ȉu>'5 #%J8^ȌDcUC-_J"&v$h(ͤlHYc=sK#y35$"=2P| F dF㌛#.2,:lt%fzAbm{iÜeQ}^*Z`tfHkflU-\p>nX { +]n[ %ZuF˴ lj,s3Of:*GvɥkI!>a4.zwi.xBtk4 sͯvNc6I-Gv|e9ի]vdqfðAFOSdC > ܆ tOs ȕP$PjIiڠG V‰-DKv5I,zCdGWUσ&;}6ڒ#}X$Ӭ~i}KsL4H$1n&!i{JF5<9"x iGUżjɔELw /jkXc;DϽH+sSvH5I*howXKBj9iKyA2m sMbc5*LS#Kˈ4ϴ{SW9y ͚ki sH* v1B͎'G-gn$eAIMpk0Nn󷞷n>'F7G_2fdmfՇ^rJXwrrq ,Bn-;>:. bz 50sǴ(7ՁRF4&/(ıqvMW̷^3^۸@ۙ8>sWHh7RM1)fֻ`kwڑLv'-g"6`q ]0,2gJp Zf|QrWw%Aq۳b֧cF~,Ju,wzѧrh4QYfp k52jfh6b'aWZQmm_%"JŏSڦ!q_*aY<:AR*twiߪxj'{ՋINf&IM`ǘ @()tvlE$^od|֭~2j2' ڵ :wh:ny Ch @cr|݈&y y]~}"P03J.\+8fiS=2@SUuo6CU]TGQ9nȽG=`j@iad'4ik]'bqId0Ac?QKk^ sbT=kƳ.~ Ч*= @oX y\d{JE\ˤy4֔LS5I$ŝ耎~D\,߲XEء(]P|*3k=8e.9۵{۲ff'{j`l%TumC(B7j\ޅM [VSO% NTzݜ|a, 'y%6g?u;F/ufaq+|՛U^>ڙ޳׶~\%c#Žx[ZM!]A H?@ Z w%VBJ IDATt1 Hm^[RA[U ɝP}iCi\vdGnwٻ-aWaF-Nrmx h!MwC< DDr'&WK{Z$oSu>/u8fmJ(/CQ#S~f[X] Lc9034@OGiUM„"bolgm8 8\ CGw[ߞ^`ZAFtAkA%%s :9qL F[ dWIO.>(+G8|Fo򣾠]C_c)'9Gh$tZr 6 Aty #PE$!A [I6&^a(G҇^~kFa)W}/o>[?n_G7_qB.o}uopzB;4B/y; fH8VӔ$q w<~3?i?`?P7mCǀ=UM IMo*m> q;<}gKUGn37˶rI9!noߵߵw?ϮDqu_t;rť[oXDbAa=u߁ Tcre:* c?Xko]=5n\/> dg\u⳱%XXȑ+JLRɡˊqZVP59;BQ)'%g#( eL}?z[ovCNs&MHHhn@%?:ma*I0;Ϡ,)fCmp؎ @4t~JS5"IȺ_̪7krԁImtts?r 'e&j@VZR5Hh4f:6Tt.ܓ`u_+GwإiMw]Kz'0OQi#ٞx6^TqjO|;*k]:d#/zTf~оU6aֶ Ǡ7&{i/~6SZMeמr$.Ծ_59 Y@>눁mQAƓwOLTqg;Zb:Wbîu{gOؓvbvbDŽFK*7cx %J.jK/clݽDcj/D*-kOV)1qul _jsL0=WZݪ]N/JFǾUz8ٰĚ[ɿͬדWgo=kz^_fWo]n}~?`nn\y$gehQ7wmR4at=v1z)r->H}^Z;n&&g<#x 2n5fCUE{+h<@[h M*~k'LI躄ddŠy֡'{Ѫ޵]3p9KȋUmmZ eٽؼ%LVAi ެ#W DjJ) .[*d2c|Tw+{DK2pUei" ˍE@35#˹`(U1m^k 65ʂqb6 _˕='W%s]LFia$/ ȏþG}gI}ho{mΧ~~wٓ7>xCgo ;bΫjj>i'^XMaRe5'\•4ZªL瘳 cgW\2/د~=sW>gQIB&[s&ˊzV0~̾~؀ϵBFᣎULxOUHg~Ă&džimw|jawwQ~l ևQEg4'`s=n3ǐP%S{ݫ1|6Gq;۫+"϶&1Re{v]vdGfnv/}W7ACr uhS2[4$gX͒"y8lBQ-n$s+=Ld;ȔlJF[VPIs^i;4>:H/P>am)- Yw <_O 1;%xJYuvPV09[- Ivxg8s9"ܹ;wS|!gslrlQӳ<}CXyLW:~?`z>l\ه}؝w~nݤAk8<%w9X8i_&6, ]o'K+M h-<>{핯|!{i;Oū1'uEZMX4} K&t=B88^?~" ?dKmWY{c;N;qTrxx35R~a k"J`=,(k Ν m>يC 88xԝ'wڿ7z{3O|>[~}˾NNs+lTyƶ]7 hm&׹y 9_B"+o!;H2n_#"ߪ*=z,P+yޖK#xR% <0vGK^5/oڧʾn`g݈9On[@'ly uAd(XisvKkcIp .:nN6ܾQOc{=߷?wۍƗwcl'ṌNy%  4fX&'0C%'*cs򺗵W`;1}[ ;KrL!u3q$g=Nd,U—$2bI2EpΠmᾛ m[%93h%)KEl{'_+̧z Wf=U) l#WП.I=;3{f? SdO_O)95؆e&[TVjMJl 8yD ;!Ad7cgŘޫ>JX[߶#;[vtqDZaȆ` HH sMѻ_aзٳ7x܍WXfj`6lqT8psHqU ԫUu13[-@5laȶ]E7VZPg_ * {J.XN``ԄnQ|"EH[Q ?AQOʟȾԆdN*:%JŕINtdc JDta轴Ռ0f_, I(]`a l,Ilc}ጹl _Y$C>x; >A; "{ߦ D.K:e {EMR+6ۃT.^yןgG1]O|ڥK>uS?g_KsO?G? vMp i#یr=,꧳jdit&:1S i"UZ9@u7g:C_oؕ+40^ѣv}_,F(q%cܡ&oq!m$f;8.]M?lW؛^'^%sJ1}&3=e[$͇9f~IUMoPɿIhh!C_[@y?&sj9k?0qÄ%is2jWze:ےTZ"^*Z}!U$ӓэS2P1]J ,scMX.v/1Ufm;%#tڍtCuqcKupFSwWPZ%xE=oX̌Ɨ}oG?cϽ׮ݺf‡ݟ{ҧa/#w>Aȹm؉Kppxm ~Gl94 # tr#A6_%Jco{[7ZD}ۯ>{싏٣w>jF]ޝmv\ wx,T'2пa"K!=}K_bߺfGv˟~̧~>gѻ+W(`:2 [F\WU2V~0,'6߂ q\ |δGOb"FVv!UdBAN+ ÕQ6Y= Z>‘qp&Y/.$s|jh'-`<+^jNĤgQ˜,L'q %x#2G>99+RܨdK_w_w&-_{] ڟ_8x*1Ȅo[#ɏ݊S{W'~,7< fn'9lHRn fEW a!hsYHd{.0ECjfAtI0_^q#ro}[ꍫ󱟱w}WIghA0l,0%D)2yNT߫7ڏ~ 33v?ȟ~w'~Үݺ6JN]׮6J6ojK}AW zuzBAVs`H$d8`m {WJM΋HNၟn7[yFxё» H,-e糄S=*ʍ/wSW9A'մ3yo`P~.GX^=Z'yz|-WY[R IU%Fb|[88e[g1w ӢPϬZ;ͧ_L| v+=2!9st*/rnԅ0H^zKھﴷ<O7]'w7RʞNW[up5(pqts26^*a-(+4G,梠E"Adpd/RGnx'^M`UѝcMfTQ?N< Қe? $E󱜭/O} xg7fHmUByZmLmMT> Mk|wDFoXe3kVt!9۫l}oI>.M|\z|u̳dcTXlAĜ}17QgR ՟+Ǥ5~ Cq-mcf#ю&pm'v']u{G"8pdm~ n;4N ۛPhmpBlv&L J,TwEsr= A%\yrtl}G>wUw7$)ke-g͞(1'\$x9[ʫK[_?k_ge&50ľFٙrS3 =u':&HBy}#,œ› xmm%%Vl.W$đs-H,;+J{/&6q"d^N!vdS[*iQCVIY j[ ."̺NFM9SFѡqMlؕ6[Ř"XDXhI4loZb/<_64f!H<1PuEy ~_&2Q-6=3kߊ]]J絝gTFg߾X)3G]3r6ntMį a9ب]3sKtC ބ($";O8g7;7Xoڳ7ih_>uJɎ>4 ZE,3]iӟݰ=x+֌mO=TYM}ns {676.`rC@*br DpfѢC*6+yH a0W2( *H; -ĀC&S,-8 @X}#%9;\ f?FLsjc,1g'?=JSK}f{hGc-_j*z*;JwhdxnX|ثv&n>.i8$n:/ /z)plDos[sgE7Kw /c_m5K9X 6 4iIHIo/ ;4>XQpžn\͙=~qm7̓1 @Lb?'ք= Hٖ{OŚm{*YecꚿXo֝2.xlEQm(=GԮ,J O{ƌf%IKDIy^Զk6Ѓh|ytHhc/ \aXA0;TmI|U_K-l8b\o%LOj/3eriqXDLm轰3,OpBv ?vcF^]u8$ٞGfrwd)W/rMg([L/ xb(2q9JUҬnQEyg֒@t$op @f+NByL ּ[7w=}i- )Q&NffTh bYeK8x6gUhR"(F@CXc#&KNɬL;eeDqsy>G ʼif+Xtu9I#_/p0nLy[Uaj.gYZnF>d bYqfFƶ>+BZ4SC1:0NWUȝH{}5A~<K"⼹Ҝg!wtFtFٹfՀ{թŃ$ nVKaODn` ZWY Fht=::*8ȕAI.ص{f;3n@ƓL H2vil1gY^d?Vi=1ͦH :o Ԍo{^)2H6Vx, :Ka}yݖT7Dk(fuiĩMhEmAvXZ/KyģXY;VVk| {8o +L{W> Oq,_}ՖH%#(cyVtK{ƍ1غlJ+Z5[  Ӑ} +dEl6_bmU3xu%}[cַf"2z8t"wD'J)-cIpbÇNkF$EQac-| &x/h#B-\<:亹_GuO`cI[Vm@{.Q}7R"5eZ [8ZP2}l4,,b=ICcʌ AU5i.W LE|F,ژK%{Au{//]Þe`dA-o~") I4ThY%R;@,n/ ľ6='vUs9N9+?!`8ɷ9_M -~x#sUJ 35o%cVqN60G,zZRuΓU =H]96h}"| c(&tF;Ml 4u8l6&~zxZйD]3oQY&ͬ Ac3[%xI&ZM~fs\Pu'W f@EZ^NS\ts:>,qwnͩZf8ېO۾COFSd mo)Ơ1G;vycw[҃6.*au.RxDɴtJZcCj+XDm~Y;"1<0B-n`n6F4/&ھAMj6J8/SIY7d {3_1,U9 d=5'&Um1,{kl0oTWb$<8]A5CAhw17t^T%P)j4ڔ ?ĻxH~=-uPoxlf<(!Q<6@.@ADA @ "!7 #B l#,A`{9gjΘKo{<{wWWUWª<}8UƢD^ܾZw 洣caAyl$S{()`҅ ڳQ#'P/xv-:u1p0ib%#X6u'a#>NCUD USaiJ'/pzvͼiU+ r^<d8-!nr ,0#],\_~@K>F3)8vpcD.> r{jNgp!7xd#SzGt|E.eNnG ?6 ̞ DRQɶ2Hd;ǶeC0TFS|@%T3}w[t}N' r1udNiI]mj*x6z{c]0§zRm`I#m, 颾dz*jw&wv&X~!-DJIpi$Z~,D+s:vHSK_f]lUVU`Cq[2S'ӟ\xJDzpOTb,,.Y{[Unضpm?ys|\-b{|CV{*-W3M(^"A(H-Ae?dWRbpP'1`ėR(NFOB;h1[ϐP#V'F36y(tX "Gю3rcQ/h37y0=X?bOEV>]f-Y%޳uW*BʊNf害>eAE̝ 4 w,q q\_#U&`ͬ~#@E-Pu UK9n}2ڴ$KrzeУ"qfYN?䌶}gb1>!˶@E0!C up!>}`G+<4l?t_;=Nk?rY;r:o-Y+oowQ=Xsw\/.;sL5. V9„65y V vx'C&59Y)6B[O/w'^gK!hCǶbl$>Ε3bTr0wp\_kϘ?@ZQV*`&2_ƣd=DsiR1ۛ9Hq[":& C>|yFySԠUy.qW[6L̐tr^$8-ϒ:֔sZ̭ _0븃 3qncdA8@<8n,judh_{&Cq/8,!%xɌu&XquU蝬|n1d)W'5p0".mGUk,MSOkE(ӛτaXe[O߳4(ۏ ^^yt`wϹ=gtr5/|{ L/*)[~2a(2Xn~t„ ڐ c<ƶq8_tjP $Sb ` ̀NKuBŻp,{ cqa_xV/ۦN`:y೓kGp ΀y8~f^O*=U'0z폧(bH =ະB-4vn*Ņi_vzD7NT)KY;7^+/[?!?A~1ˋ8n0l0_L EQGy{ e{WÈ=8og*rgm؂: aaw t˂ '>)L|T#FS=޲#V:"8ݏQE-?Jgg#H ێ- }%cvcL;=K4bx=ϿV<6WIŎ| _%r~0:[I#8UhZ0Ek/GvM~.{:nnOyݟ1Jg7`hw;B C=5BɖD0<㴵z5tM V̑0>y"bIdb2R7إ$Ϫ'B}f'oYɅCélTql% O4%F10O߻/W}SfxKn ^*0XVbõ iɅf) s? ~ Ψ^*Yj>D\߽}NEGI`;BÁ,S`?. FFWEz2=MFW`t(ulZmdmɞ sL=zIi'Tvt`];xsm3o"ԀT o'za0gbͽ%%mߴ7UsHմmL@ӁO"->:q<8dS GF"n6e%7o&1t &燪N-Fdy^uT߈ B/uQz{zF1)}Uqx~r <65uL]Rߴ]0oޒ6[ݙ/+jH '6q&w\],7/qv%&Sh+bִWH DMG3?.oaVj:hN;9{:)STAtS}N*Ne"Ėl<\fQ앵yd0*E= NzjuP6@D_2vYWM/QHb{u~Ԩ* Qѧh{hDFR7L_^#'ogh3v'["eqIs>ΧrKljAcWW(^d|G^,k*qAx{=bFf/ƍez^12Fr>L3p !8mc'ݎX3)!rsr趐e@lɈ{mCfXW'ȌE djJWH)Y5C)Tcl\g%rޮhEu+}xȸ}AodTaɪ5ѓKܖq^Eq^%p]wY^ h40Xʴ 'yďٺ9i݁@+I)|t^Nx"ₛ4eZY@vi UN4}yj26 $A-w]o(.ڊlI9TWU3ltxԠ֦ydI6*2[CD0i3shN٠eء aUەF2Ҽ/p xqT=CmTs{IG`t+ռyo9˶jz Hjxi|1Z1#_*Cˆb44(Ieec3DMC0Lf-' u4RuR!kHUZ<ĢCHH~M8no [E+_]fJ_f it(5rçڪ+B,HD.&4B1(<]z'h:!} odvQv`'8~4`xGPUWjigFmYFgc uIHπg;XzHHWtdJ@F.zP4;on֜8 l c$f; IDAT >6MRGf"6"&^4mz12u^"1W!<ܱ?Dz1u DOy튄m@agIŏ?h /(T\ 9& ~⨭eȼ) -,쩷4aJ$&*dw)ʡ'NCG7t&oTWGL9^ٚ 2ZقM:[`I16<O4V !:@hc$mt96}諝?cּD#4Wѷ.UM9!4!Ҩh9Yv6' @1 ma4i8F ueNA-ٙ, *jR:=J?WƪIɱZzfV]bDi踳oz=W8J{W k>7_7E={ݷh }ot"M%y6s!^`>\bNF$Z.ENMN:oS.@ ă .9 G3Ց"BUC[xӡ{XǸ龿8,l˗;I^V03!%7^_3VIrmuA9.5)gzX`JT7j{rQU{}AKiоR#X.`F%Tw | \CT%xuWO?ByȮmjgSv|ꨑp)E]й饓' .F';ٜYG[%NQ,s;:?N^m}}_ ?sa{g^Hv6#hEBBGt/wVI]~4{ Sovb`Qh[Ne1MLhĎXJqX-w5chv Gk{xnS{Ű7\7$-,m#YƲR{wg㋝V ߛ94"8K%[Qӊrd5 nɸqB!xsf/w-$ L-طvtBN@yy*gX&3&nQ%`pc;U=1TГ:ep>JQkb&NƅkDokJ{E@T[R'2UF|O9= #AU[ `~}{eE#f.^m#]=X|1UOYQ?HnwY1~kTx!b]4`+~?8x&X0Lׅ#];3;5Q..! dą&VqZJ%q%lՅY AxWAO1151ʙo#1l.ѭyŬt\dwc1кj;-zaޤ{2yQe:. mj cϐ|F]%mâewdMӊk2hZ2at~$qa`閶o<FD7U^}h=ǻarc[xP..^q&s$>H}hwq@FLR~6c;U` s t3/@ط~끾 c@VgKOBAo%B<蘂 ;o(K3eH_`"[}`:6#|-d>u πD [,4L c7UL=x61jnP@SR?m_jЪY$bR}iI[1발1K~'Z=j.uU,Ŧ%xZvi4[ti~#[3|DOd٘E@ [I8bELT&16q0c/_}V' CW7Dƥ`:jt–*u8^+j*$_@^ԫLzt_t0tY,ZP0TtoV|p}idz HDW95lҒ! HYt0-n%+NRhF>~[|$;vS2?.Bztv.E[0N/1 #9?SULmLoxe W-~W9wNC3ߢ϶xs7&Fz&'<^ tN])N,Ƃ|6 G񆢌' rm8Xd\-ng[V_֍lr@%0ȜV*TEÒzNF l*]x`ݧd,`!G8n| 3r|T e:I8%o;6 Hi((r|ZmFBWV`j/BMVM+g=5 g*>&4 _N͂[ @ϻ>B H mc/{{K ;6\#7K33-bح>wpiCylȶ9pS^,rdX/,[.3Wɔ""\ M ̡>;v'bR l_[-G+)Y{V[@-%çU H:@wNT w1AM)g%Q<9'5#Xn|/)Jϙk^7"艬qFgv~qaH6  %YiwN*_&J}ZxpI?T)xgL13 xi~C9UME }lKLi;$.)4q-G a>Z(z % L8$&&Sľ8s%6x8߼ԫC_Iç )yf(CrUq1]2Zf%_YªKUB;`CI@}ތ"v5߮E]L`&:jᢷF ?w?ۻVߣV?XA3 s|"coD\V^j :VڡLs?istQzoVA &XRJ9KM J$}8Ԥ|@ALtt<ڙm9Iv;9Py˖ɘJO䁾4̟;ltzCvŸm#QBV׃ ?qFjD|~嫷'^pɭtؽz/ n^ 0TiQZsfb+{*/3Q| d}xyfcCBtx!OŁK6:æpuŭ8\OA&irlhlx  K,1l ƚF>1_fqU) %FZ7ȹ􋧶b<f?⺭[{TUC@!~/`mp~SxQ߈Z+0pxBw ߉hQ(WWUJM9AWJ+U 'dIH8 uy*aϚ&7T|r0MZM:(b3(eqE["/S$mo;yK꠷D֨? -.dHJݍ4eiz[ zoqJxq2"ޫ$ck)lK1%nJ U4'ދzoģ_[MIQRPZ#ng'p\G[hFӃQ֤,ؓb*yfhyV_BFO\4 #Nv~TM?2RΜj]Mò.2AVNt5;Hl4;jQǶ`T[%}xNny0[[}tc r6WTlR@miX.e@{jhd]}#Y}N ?X޹GE[:%yDOuFG~0fruS~`V;h>m+ ́pw}zM7L23ߤE_2~˜">r֑DB&T/r>{岵=uSO~ @sHLC2U鄁wa.dc}G)j(5{[ODǙx7|{^঑U<(蹝LJزXU;VHii\d/z>$9g=<7 coȱ klZϳJNJ O臹gf1vU._Ǘ?r|㻿1ܔĦ͛Ȟ1>Sc޶@z0 -qw,fE\J5.Q6U=Bpu?ҭIB`/?IVwCyKyۻbkcl8ͤ:1tzX76TZ%o+6v2BzML7 H3}#jEm>moLp5!ђR+xK]1xd,}wÆ48Oj<əou6tMLTqm;pkL??ʏgߊ_7r[8x6@EA77 ecH!GCH*)vMW4.6q׹ uen4VNVo=;Yx1}_ۍ`/;xZὔM+0dp)v~/D8Ph)q6ԩCS#-q' R'tJdғiX۝{^)*J]1c=w!t }/n_aXp 47cj-l|\OyӬ½ʫnվ3_q 0!rŒ2O8*?7L%Ug=NAJoĀV^Ŝ'}}t (獔`FT JޙD랟/|B{^W_>:kB=R]"ݧ_WTf H vW6!m[Ǩ'>"as" _j$o ~Vػ#SR lKA@ 2MY-s 26W9jGjUJV yN}gx5ytz sp'),OSVB%5w%_hNXFQnIT:_؉tUZQ1+xzXAϭ$ᩮ."b?SOp}5Κ5Sِϣ!AU]k}g8?4)@ނ<= + mPMf#]+խ] NAqJ6RN#C%s)c9c0a٠o[E`𤆀]\dUզ>W T]"W(~ߊ_7,[g sr})'^}n+14Z7=I#Q) olj_U4*lz£'& i1xYV"]{%l5u#Ge!*E8w8E6vGI9[A{|32~”G߷G<c 7;[N z'Ѧd<*Ugb|_| ۬!!&Ml?y¼>jS߈ؽ7/ۺxK҇[R;0.Dn2( lZ UKn JVyʊ࿏*y?xByġа+I3o+AZV7ݔ<"hV7K]HH@0fuwH.M 84W DQ6MR޷~g(~K?sDu+# tvFInUЩ} Lc hBnDNmVd 'l6]ټhCT".;Yh0o^A0"F ]H3Y (_ΰ=pTfDI [/g&Cg5yN{'Tdgt5VC"G+u,ik h4伔4yɎ}%ilmb4M>s=mξhukt43D_mKĕAAS4*=yT4^L~I jk|GQ 0]A],ccH=2[\yƖر桚Wd & LBsRGSFW|{wͶo]ODhnޘ]פl++ l3%̶mrq_08=ϤaDMTtrsLh)UFz彝j].agdvsQ]sYm#PcB19͔$`9%7AD臶 $AzD[خ.- Z?F[! sf =`+/{C|_񕏾{|h{sHzgcn67XU]$`ezLKLۙ +PVc(XE."v |[Ӵo IDAT*0Z:ap6x$O{ WJ-SB7+f^ؽu7s|Ջh̢BJ&h_pZ6˭a%툒/nB8 1zRѼIAKy؆UMm'$abV&Ht ՠtqxNd 2NBۖB=ueU1>ہcK*1ӵÛ9szAf``\l;14>___/?|1OHǩmD1v_W0 v [Dv˼h5%7XxE̝b'mVpei0ݕ,Xd Dd`qށOnT-&@␳Ɣ=O\iVkr'cGv)c#`<vYTƃQLz0;C/.uڪ/]s88~8"Ȉ[mXMX`0PU=.}=\멽&Z[Lށ~KV4Jh N%*b5·9{ܛh5Gy>ɮO' xx?'AM+Ԫj$gQY!7@z -:MTxOd!mU8۔= WQO] ǓKN8Ƚ'tC ѣ)`lQa/87lR; K z*ΌX2C 8' :j;97Kt&/d8{laAw|bcn K(}CSlosr `6+[ƹ g+4mǪvRj.dG1cڶ2 *?W9^-y[/N )`ɛީ' |<kP\u7 Xx؎- 's?$Wܚ+~t3k* m;*x0@w^:{2_PbM<%EgkoڰYyƻVTKL9@OJЖ[tzHЊz=_uЋ"Q|~لqFq90gbs{˕|2)px}c?meZ>7iO`fh$wǔ6}6Dl;Gap 0MՉ>(vL/rؚ"~j[Ү_}Fp$D_w҈ x$TZ&l$a),w&'ڶ+ry=E(}&ta[gT:pRǾYPdd0kn0bۗge)рڷsY"XCEd=N+] C]jIO\J6qz9 o ѲK#rE@?o{/x*,׹O[9ڇ[ρLMz6{ϛm @mm'Dc8p^sOR)b*2:P]/sHD 4לކx6@+vQZnȠG+KjbBcC"JV E'㲽YDW۹.ߺv%6\ϩEC93p'0Iv龜i`0.K]ϗԛS$N=Ķ05?1*٧lWlw/RIi4XPP&x4CoDNʴXxTeJuFV6nЋ6S=3#Yg`sv;fCջON:M6XxU_nuŖ? qS0-7vfQ]>*G$1XE5刋iٴϯ*sO.[wK^4! Rce8I&tz<0 Hsb4.Leʂ0.J5ʷlsw_t$7=Uv~Nb+98W2Ώo a>ٷe;m!H-Vgԗ`UxT|сk}b@h߲Z ל=_2&`5PPD[ѕ֍n4r5. sAy?wfSX>' P^N0ض [nq:Br[hvQ_E~m~E2 U3*N|+LX`s[k!_XGbX/@XV0<#+M݆m%u󧤈-nm}젲S{Zw05 <&^VZP,6N ҶJgW^?`(y붚CkNcР=ۧ1nG*t4X1(o {ă48r> rD &⨎G p:|2#Fg-mKBf*Cیw}L2,JiRC VÃ8ej[۸ R)3[ja@U@hkd_vTq<@ir8 Ns(xeŶcnMUrejN+T%}sVMml꣍;]9evJ.N1ZPLjYr_\*YV\3RL)v"sr ̤'گSY?QrYq$DBь+uYJS0)I# y\ @qa?ku^@iW{vڷƒфJ-TȌ@l0pfvhK҇Il2⸅l 4L=0l3UʦU\!OiɈ,/(@ϕ$]mG-"PIEr;?NCm:2pah""ϩw c=Cr|-fF-/3A hVim%vPrVO~ o]i{Ɉl cU.c,zgݣӽfAIixzϥ!4ײvIm 靼5mC]@mٓ#?ȥۓ-bb4?eo 5)KÔwnM9ʻN<} N J5s]l v0:V߽)V1pZLء2 F[!_DbڈÏ{F~9tO۾ csi doj CJ9tP>' Oഉ qO$lr>_ѦĆȳ=;r1J ⯘y,TP!yr%-}.1C 2y{[[n{w/q~ҹ'$ Kn4.)Gxo6]Id`xוY4+``X4_IaĀOXy>m+vqYH(oKG`ccf]YN(}Pj~ʻ @{"!9, 8Uu^IpzO|"} qDU à\nWكak=Kkɫ7J@Y׃+bܧ>K\ >-)`/!vftG[7vD, Zq•PO1V:>D}'ַ~~M1'X枋O$jhNѾ=O-#i)jΣO?altLs@kvzIV>؁,:7ڽ:ծh<81%@Na]t{6VL41Űmf?=i1A*]𬶬h/jڕ=@ M' =_ZVj׹ԱOr~7ؘ\CW GմcD۔WN"6DžRvv_\ېRȤ;y<)4VpQ<`=yr>pbEEgS퍍=ӴMSڋ`_No\8LSLʴoG G8a*IXb__A?w"_Q^CP4zOQܷ}*|ו,KaJc:?c%h$qڙlGiW~9Vcs^ Qx>5Aqc5ɤb+DvoisNUq1#g\1X/"=?1MmN!CcNǖKsԼ?K?F O:a09_iꬄi*_'HVifpA'3`u$u?#xc%4&*,%zؘ ̡_Ȁ9N: 4Xh{|@įdT+}l]eDDbYU#6`606iثu+>m>KpJ|}ɣSŌn8H(IQ<~n^.ܹmt鹥ws}^=]NLFwd]_t| a›& ɯ 9^pԺ&kd3jZg2.AyӶ͗Ƹʏ0us {y2õ K%q>?x ny݈"Lދ^K5E^|<܃"7? t}?$=| _f"7gcę 5g"m[!5Ac*1VguyTc"A wsٟIt[\da,hR{R*PS@%a]%\# w3;x7/L[e![fI1m{;ykpNmbU|IEٹ[: {>ۄ<.O[cOFt.-AHOӟ9 uR\߮K%y<=ؐDAU޶y;;32 Jd`ױb^Uf+l6Rřః|q bLuf]Çn˂_ s]jm":ɧ߉!]7e0 y-ǟ MXbnޑ$*)};oΧB^ؾ&Z#wZY2Ok#ToAD,<I.O I-2>_^ 1@+`+'l"V21кbzWe_j[ :Oo%T(<@U1ZC3+A%:,,Wc9\+S>+:x\46ר*ȓnĤlGS$7*x )M۴8@ -" QpXg@MZ#Rdžh-vO);'ɣ5^$~Qǿ?OlP=d7)KQ)t σЮ 1i/ d;z(VM0vS]QX=õg5s}%s}½~buB!y S[az641+C`@DW$"u\0~Tj}$ i8[o,?b:YtgXlLz\KZѮs P"}}n2鑄]~f&`wLxڍ!~zS$8>@衯C!4A?EOx<:lܺ5'[A'Ix@|qՍ_%ɯsW1Ɵf׋uQ͑%TEC]obaDP#rMo&Ćxa];V/HE7 T#fBd ZOO&yil >jbQEa=w5@">Oq\ׇA7K|HG"xV8&HNh=iGkHes׶~4qaVm!0\]hBMӿs5.OjlR5/jw'/X-ȴs=c12:ֻ݃W6F:[ua815f,dLf\Mzo% 8+yʈ&[|N@#09w#V^vnk\{b}j:)zpӫ(2Xi*x ~u5M_ iCћO n_tQEX%trCƆ2t.v>~8[6 }R9+Jh$O7xYY<ƿtI j6Q1O2xZBx/ -*P(|Z _ӗ/cq[xc[([b<'MzK4> K md6PjS.mЃ ;WP]VyHfН25ͫzoT'257 YsYHH=pgհ=0+.2:ؓt~g o9FcИ4Vn{IC;jab+xq]@!k2Ю勑WXq|ާbu q&&uI BEivrO)|[\eiؾ6km/r]8Ԇ>^N-(i!>OOĿ{O??C??Ŀ'ѿ_d+WIZ׹FI͘MLfe&rWCZV?jT' xXe=^ "=b+eJł}A0/ۧ8bu[bT4s=`ýfLVoe)pq\w ιZ4z# 2>0pеRCIk⚈#1*Ö-՝f|."$caV]bҩT1~ryE^m[-k'6L_\$}zМ @OA}GYhwLdC۽ ybdrZʵط-zsrsRH6Ͻ=b_l:3-Tnomm!)d?ۺ=W2\??gя4""_{_K<.8"|u㇣G: sC2472o2F|9}:2;#K1B*aژ/k_9'38[ϫr\ʰq= =u]YlJE+{RQM㟇·9ahS٢Fme_ dŞׄo}{?{.?++j|wS~z/"F O DqQyJȞG^݈X 8NUP.shY,[d(WA[yh7(Vdd|{ߍ?|Cm)`;T~={# 0ZJ_&sS%H.r~8I>ya@d=,^#7UX|h€>O#GlUċvI&$*F*HF<\)=pO|ǰ8i*4]=@p57q~hAL *W$(G',BVYl[2鏹j6rjD ̠);NJ-wlj;ڟJQLS3U*5E.%Jg%jD[('mvByBvnw2>v܂U悅]Zz%6-lĐ~9^S;O&JO?+?5@Dg}P1Ʒg9nlv/>j[X7ܓ}|,4̮/T;?>OWO].NP , &M nS1v5s3rKݶe_m4oV&rs/ۦ?9L%\Y V~ 0F:ъJ gx>Р^,U硟-' eˮ_6?y-:R*8{Wer.WFyf@{|]"3}{3v !Rrq,!a|eJ];Tە%{n>L1v6wiLYw?^I7LP8PDI~O7͈G?/A7ߛif8JtQ5,Ͷ#gفb9 guvBƗ?~_/>o;mB]c򣸩I+J[U:ω/4R)H,LK {(sǞqh0_xJn߫ C4w _ xf`r4L\ xňtkm.N[RM z;=Ãgm)=b<7υ EtVMG;yeq@FL9N بR8F#ƺ3,9ImK~Ev鰏&`I#D*hUp7:5$Z;D?Am3vQ㞛pKjK/!4dnp&$-mf4,k߃Lg[̱*xwx>oćߋMoҼc8Sr:?yܻ1?O gfյ1_gd*կ;S_!3~ۿox=̱MFp`9|zɭo9M ܘ*Iګ$u<cv_YE:_< gVw-R*rL{̹u[})28sC/|бo/< emxI7#?j)Y%TcwwH箏Z8n{0 ΝƯ1r\\(w&.fKͼCSE #Iġ3Y}MY#u!_V+#܍H&t3:  oCwRyc?F<襌z!hm_V5Q? Mh\Y7Z|gɯw;t m܏s5ab`qr'ȭC]0Ibα"Cu؊}EMmѮ++ݡ3W:ӽs/LμJ z'g{N vRz3T`+Ё. Jr@E>Q \[uc AsPЕ\7*%&IE=^=@)mD*3WVqQgmASJU_czO入%/7mD&8J= +.=)Pe‹)qo_4VX%ڧrDaah3Aⴰ&ơ{ߚTy]}Цs9|ř`v6Aef@3uO~5ZDD3?O[c5YKxK4:{Lk#S'10`T({͋cwT V}= J@Ћ9Zvb#+SIdN{;8DH[h|O?X UѥhPae,No-WZ6es*cv0mCwמ$Y’1IoɆvfY2?c iT"egnL& {^o ,.Zo٪<(|O%elyԆdKb߸ը;9zcE?/Ԫs1~VEMY$ivw]tڷSV.2kRenH@p\Ȉ}pד)ۑؔ#?%OW\۔a[iK՘z} ]hƸN,>?D9\:园Q/e` `:N.TX w99&o2S;.<]}bb7U۠Й[IM j[I:=v bK\">\ѝ?]h`JXr-`2ÞԮtCb +9z_iSm~rȍpbAOch|wimL_$S~L$U;y▬$OˁpHXx.j!lCʡIR 5jpfp1]od;3 F{uě:^ddV-* ƿ+=jbn6f/]qNc1="}Aڶ{/*r9j4ы'< *j;S&١t=kN)a:Ήw0j_aYH Fe]ur LdKS#( ָT2?xG?l{`4t'Cl؊<S6LU=lAEw9t⓵%zfk?5uM1m; Y1j;N|FHbC!RW(Tu}/cɻ&8Q>P.sZQ:nS)ITo[gYi}ֲD'͑hv/יE‡)4qPO̫<٘GΎGC m39$^? _w[ӱc,&ʛ7E퍧tw"Yɹ0">%yx@fʱ7HO~^~2c.>C8p:L/U@ltmjɱw0c j@T(F/?ޚ2SKSj?Z2Pgr6SoqG;WnF8r`? R<{>;eSӌYڙ[/hEh"l XNU|lw_ߡO1֗7Wx~YHm8VoػNwo'p+|oCyŻw}h;e3g4rCLm@]9ʤ95U 1hGbUo*`}OqKL0"Ik@mb~E ΛɄ:,Kj_ A~ Uƅ0)DksEe-}.P&s\āpYt鷗,i_BgN+U,oھz/ivWLPl'.  Er Cyz cQ yL8bX9.J.qyq+9n5 ,HG@@WpuvM|3H<_I3FdM6tҼȤH< xEH AAZkNk,z^/*%ܕVObH [yؐ!g XEsI*אb**#5 <4ĥe^4] DWpydO-6fYW!2PgU?T(-{\wt$>E/Pz>52IڀVP*MXD}mŷrc FH`(}fgc@3Bŗ e'r6- I &P^K-LZg/XDf5U5 Ζ۹@?OKR 8?@B.-Pq y()&'],<Tl`~U8OԷl`{Gm{[=npz>=>&2pWDC>/RUB8&5x`1ͻ1\ +;^XoH Z_:[JYk}=}9;quCؠr)YtH}JPӮLfD #1eg$&k7'\63kC8@- ~SY1,ƙSeGݾtk@EWy3fWޫw1S2imJuIXcV~R!b9>L"U0  2$KGm7.Jc.Oz0›? 3z2% "*Eq $㊻{s{/+wDF?Iy(7KySEZ kSK$Mǣ®@ozV{.@&XCi@_-)$QhmրQ T7q4Է*mXB. ^496OV|T/_SNC=gT8`^ o1Ɯ$JCU1ڇhoG}ѬTxPb[IR[slӰ;!`v0(r J@/, ?qI _GdnunȪZwk†=iʵ=8 ųuP*{|$<_/ito0WoJL&H]s!S=~M}+qT'd7jg/{>xg1p`DZ9|GZgtA<щLz6^ 낦+=nG,)#>cܾ>ދ)8B!7߃-xt~#vKU&Kqy* 0cAcD şE3{gi*\ BEn15li,:7c3'MCCrѦ-|A2J@~#/1UmT3rN5zm+ؠKJ;mx|ڢjA\|Dy`5>{kh莾H4D!'oWi9u/;.RfT9I NkOtF/,;!z`T @FId01.fa=ٸ|*cdc #enFu -PI\\`´1(rp<&xłӓQEkI9r䮺#<c.l(諭B-GbMNve@&C"eB/F&p'}nzBR>Fi慨W;ko::kW[)lq;"{{'/nDyL"~ 14*p.EM:17T8@:?}$**mLJh=Q| 8ȑ-VJ-44m@?-\ΖJdI^AyuKX47pӑt/^$J¬`6^{Ggn<ƕNL.[WHߪMWnզ0l搶F{V京/dA ^{ps[}ϵ3_üB}ϼBja9 N24}f;N4$,?l 4|S[Si~n?'O|&C l&Vr֒{?Z pf|:l ;ɕȟI_^8Yދ|Nv?W af3/Z=簻 sMROЄmZle0*GlI)<',SKrFif[F(VI8(-rQ)N}WVoyj+" lcKTlIìG-[tp1K&AT<4q=~,Vhl#\ǩ.=`1p=M`~Zͧ:ONte˦:z2nl$>M&5`\WrZ"hQm;v=ny냉^1Rt XsNl4xmh%/Oxzm*J% Y}ɧUҡ91-|w1Pl}2*vhUM(m9*}_D$[ 1'uJ#Ǫ/0 HJv?MokyʓXwlyN=h[]al؞=4V"6AHHڻ_]})>^TvDP2j3GIO %w6Tsw&'dq?Z$U@I2"Y!Zu(LdNev>!N 6)!bzsKrqnF􉰜SO{_,wq M}:L;@>zh|?k3jSޘ~e'aۺb"ђd*>7Ą< >A5[aO< MܟO#I;I܇#bɑ苭O(>|hgL[At"c<,%jkz#`#UeU[4[PjAl=IJŽx`$?9C7aQR!O_V3AV;[234̶ea=F]mTg+Y3鷋J*k>pu0 V9:# ?9?%MlHPiN#0:i(gKF"DM'<( zK^^O }3,qUO {[iq6o]odtg؈zدwhswn£݋V\c=a[;xi|=1R;·NngT2GρM28'2߻ȳ{- by9Go'nvhЋ;>&0`+k&g%c0MPbB0:t%಻ٸ%)@glIܪf m3jl^!|szB˃ЋuedjY}{2=yӑsk\:yNxwl+}V,F`P#l ~;$2V1]r~F~_*Owヂt ɧ,br1@Nr WRZy;1haRKڊm^q^*}pѫ-~OCjm2+9dGH_ V'UJ[ bOTʕNk:;\gmmfT.7'*AXu)`Ybp c`6Q|4%zt˴m,]o>1ՖdU _U a^5W[kL{U K9/*{DmU\2YKi_%xve$/O{UhmY|?l_3Pߴk3Vg}&: \='){sspm=B#^0>D|U&$e[ o \Yѷs훌|~B&Vߣƻ]u3Sr #?!LD6ŦI] -_X. Wk߿Ssw| OK!RdU\l+0|5kx:KЕ|$aU=-Y]4an˸ZfL8$vu 'rݒ)[\r>3fk\b&Nyջn֭&;<)r=8+•$$)䙒L|'.,Df8 x1%BCC#lYU >fWY#!z+) /@MƐlk7[Yjkg* aoU8@1 48;8䐩ěy` h;sHӹ"$a#<[ĭdEd:, f/xaݔj k9Ãn7:ĜfOMWy6ry !1&G0:SG17\ Gdz r9i9^Ӓh[Ǯgr*Cf7G'0+d G;Y1L6Si1f̀-+0L MJK0!ޛ19,O0*fs>JG֟-||iz{Fԓ Շ~l3fN cLQmGc$PTdtd'GW^l6]w+  gdv܂4g{ ɚ~R‰M3%Pr*df4kM3?YeLe>XTDH6W\1n֓GIz%YDYPN&ŋ6OݡE6h:gXiFnR)N5(4fxY" yG(,}^,.L +V'x Ȗ'ϷH/0+Z,_Cۯ^6U҃ WnxKSA3C&EF +!vқLjx }O6a %[6nj¤L&o!.- v֝]\U\##LQ g5j9-q Wt7r)S_琝je AG?)261 `7UYOA%mUFs{VÿGin6l*xM<qbagė /CT`v,7+b{YjLٓ]s:TCx4g2yi &{BtE՟Ȝ$gJR 2N*ޅt.6ظ/yd+$W:H0Z1- rzuKg,DD+9 IDATZhlKHDx^+_w/:؏WC `i{{>;ɞ:R /pKEMI PJd1e,9FčfT3SWU̞qCQK\I]Rh h6tі/t md%.|S[ILڒ=tݏy1ϓk pdUu@nc8L _ҭ֪"Ә8&I pOGnlG)%W΋ƴ>V^Si52­̅ u[d][IxcmۇD}?3̜SBɷ_hr"P5:eOae*>34t]C{Yo;uăڒսbK'Tei+vw'$ ə=8Mr~Jӿ1e5eN~z:]*5bi|kcA2-ȯs_w܌υ1b`F]\`Ϣ/W0h̗ ^AVvyW[D0RWğ0!w#Ľ1^1DWJ2-R6g_"P9{EH~exe02j+P޽V} o o ,u'4*XW'TMupI͛(%jHk/ACI^^EauHSbx s8nc3ϻOɹ#GbӜSccۘv4˶Z?']pS{d1kuЄmu_Xm˞VܛpnkYs[}q 2Cb {@me?˝:VOr=tOa#ħ@[Ǹ7`hMhjBU$C8);Cҝ8U"z>!ɉue.Hsh"ho &ݰm ȻACNOZ"eB44G>bܞ˗ϮȺ撣z2M?OwwsC ֗q ҤtջMG)f)ٯvt/l2trҡ-veDP V"a3IێM~FþLR+.˂`86|^|Li:NSB;_E8>+Xuy+h;) u:y?wdU mG:[%}ܾrUCv D ԋ$^ik 0.OeH fdqm樗(ꝋ9FМ͈Hxi۳L| NuH]6e#ʃSU1x\V( Liթ#_spʞV!:{w%+{%w}j>k)mfRQgeKל!Pt3 JR=3oҍr{(o\TfOVهW^I./vuU`} og{sXOjz|ꈹrC/,s3̱=y&;6t͚3^0H'6!Hz<k9[p:Y" ,7!JB)rݲ`[ۿɺH[&\طPz%3#n-yXZ0mkx';>ndI|P|V0d  <|LNj.ՑG*hFc }AL1z˅._rmc!HN76ƒ9inhKa:-C0s'yn&QGg(-gə{y%Z 4G܂xh#uSy^^] CӁ[:)ҩWr2 pa)й3=@4ƎS$zn b,[kwurZg)v1Jy [dU'4fLNٚcd3kp"낶 h*Y^)vEZzA7\|%l71.:V_THp֒pxaݯ8CȤݎ PꗼZ5ԨZ3B9.Sf{qLZ]Ri:vNqQXDj-=۸3eGd%`ѶJJ4V|O_Zi&p *ly>b1 Fk9?v{Gٔ]0_˧b&I][=)Dm12o:C La8>FTIƛA)60NJx|{\ivKe@nQ|Lܫ6t ߉UƘvyj7P2n_Gѱzv~&n0{/?ˣӁ'KFx3;),3ρSƙ/$.Ah}+D8Vrx-AZ8t5Hn7Ii؎>OhIwI ,v꘺3"<<a6KS{9ȠhEK1}Xl\-[iy>IV\9Q4"\y0NFa>,Z>ˀ[2~PŇF Ǥ U}!%-~>W9W^ :{e4WkYXm/_K|GoFG4$aՑ+|]wJ^/zݯW={> KR: CENs3-աezL7v B)g}TW$ ^R1VSuVbI"m* ^v0Iڰ={lh-tsȈt7^a;%&5ÐB7/UdF6'` =+1꧋’R@'!4ɍ -vkrr`6}.B\u<TMŴЙ|omb^mَvCC,$vGa׀^zwNKO9ܸsc9_:N[ ?/^Ld䔱ypY"5?d_n=߾GCkc>N+_LhS3+[{mr6P ^[L̾O]byDĠ%ΣLqB@?k<ؐÜbO 8t8w:o`f]urklx_oz7+q5O4~?kϾx# '~~?Ͻy8C:&:jׯ'\٨p= V.}ΏpO8/V޾ O}~QAU] _;_z[?qr??377<1KC۷0fk+9-]& S1R3}0Sz03HbAx,M2i 6VvBom"Ny+!qrk ڷl9~w2e23VKS'$oF;W\;g?[t(>q=QeU3x @x*jgV}&|y'GA8I/ŸT8b} 1$V2i< ̇O]7=Mȥ=ossz]ur 7{s? E{~=o{ͷދ=8}icVOsom?1s/жWpկ:t~e}귑ڳŭŸ}ݟ? GED"@_Ƿ4Fj^m=I@msoIZ_l\P*W$'72joL&Ic-qؑ4/,bN< v + [&{ UlՁur  '7's/¦ /(Fv ȷ#|V! mx*6SWz5+ ު{g!S& 7MM=f9s#NY\֒YVJ-E6t2'0;ut3붝N$q홬'̐VRxNʸ7E{CС۶So^9*vx_<~'8ǯ1ܺz 'G'vr->'q{q?Ƿ[?7p֍OsBb^Lb*ͅ΃\?yT"?k1>l"LϦѳ|=2$'߈4a+ FsW*)ou\>w_㙛Ȕ/].W\0Ve@̃>}' IaBEwMbO&:ZBOoc R=r͙ ja)|! ^\dc@&A AcU!s+dVۭ{1ilt֛Ⱦ|ާX9Z+;r0|M:;Vvo«YUZcRXN6띁ЩKgdŃhzvƨ%1Btef!o׼Oˏ;v<~{ W… /$6R"\̋$VZ8˲X7V^L&&1*T9Tn2`I ]W^zx=ogn<߼_~\^s uyr m9`+jse *$[+f<\DZŷkѓqϚɉWs#S9v""AC</ bg@e 3/[?? Nr{?[Z`wd)7+ UrBiH*l̒DAw:a XdRFj1Z_?U !)P dtJtV+5׀h0GvpeqrDcj6aqsx_?xߗ???q/ǟ~QyWE< x=񉫟 zKsoDD|;qy:g8W\pyHm$, ;}Yy0ɞifjE?5yW? ɺsoا;4y(XFƭlL%"{x||Tʟ"-P|Ȁa~ϰ ydQw x R^xα@jsϋ3_=Ͼ/_'^urܯ:0.^|?Eoǿ%=> DQ\}ri.Y1A_Y i_B8{n51NP IDATT.f_n*WT>DzR\5mt\Y)Zb*bUmk8Ye%LCs @ܣ-HAgsIW9Pߗc.|ֈN`ʚee#;[LNc|Zt6ӑg,/8 !϶.v}=&]t]?N?`SWpUyW ݔtTa[~27<x#xk*;E_OnעMK D3~y@f;4CWOliooc1W{ `"拎ADDc;b4QUKw٘aJzYB%!H΢e `o?o?jW+<}åp-ċwٟMIf<%6E L;ɭ7O~quǛ\?ȯjrqYƭƼҏHCup`|"k#)K%"pi5m83_b#^8-NQ#ڐͶ3jɐZ:Xw% j>_@kw,D ,샓NvHrZg"p}Z_mS-!6YA80}smppvǿ_ Xz1I{5+dѱ*,Ͽ uژc'i[RgI0NGq1!AkOؤ0p|>{I+>w?_?Ňqdnx@ν* ^ս܏ ۥĚK,'+2dc|>|͹ Ը)\C3&LB떃y4x1h #xm+ ģݲ0 Ke#[+}fCY?, HV`{15""O'ef{&*R OAR\M&mV2r,ƨfW8 qr"F 9h<>D8=(ġ ~}Tqt3"z\GIG6t~wิRQy;,1 3 m7甤l ?@Foޮ~>ZqA(7d9fAE)~LJ=spV Bqz xdÇoap-W0W ,2eI8-zCw |G^o9;'^xLL>9~vhmfLJךY90>!V2ժWruAP4nu&a+\z߃^ />/x/:m'NM$`Wzſ2ɍ_͑>8]gVފO\$ .y(x |' \23#-WS&~pIm~sqDj;J| ~O_ĹOЊ#_4)|%fCӰ"8VJᗸudԤ}ڴ&6ъ][_&G%) =VySm7zs`UicRYeqԸ8/kӛf+ v$C$_F<_zd\,>&%V] 2QŬx$^)[tW h󳝞$wqSʀ#Veۨm"w>fͧ[ 7Nnы~ wv94óq`5+z"hND]GFٳ|2FVVP:;qȵ~_=x/~|C߈go=6\:Mߍ+woO౻1^y+q߅{kn :?$vgZVc@|  TEK*@78$ h~aAth@*њP+Y_ݹ6`w*.t=¥ Wm\mOyMLGl.vSCff NV;VbcJb=tƪ"PLO d5G)6q,HXAC~S%jeİKhf_>r'Go_Ǯ},\=1L Dƃ!99eΛJɸNDp{l or7&y4 8AY׊N %Qܺ=zQ|# |tKy w=n|]._9edp`27y0!I7de#~y/ߎ~qMmPA|ڧSi|ߎ7Mkq_SSرz81X!sv~5>{)9\gNKRHX<1\fmW} q͔y;_Ň0~S? (FHƭ Sj|K:ǘtX|+,Z$ WЩ5(Y5`Gy#+D /1gjMʊN[֓/.܇=%W ?=;% F:жUԹ Z n,k5_4|lDW}' *nʭz*_kTj{P8Eg&OpT v8KY+r?s3R0nʄ%%˒4M06'" -+ߋwq%}$pk:" t's5 "tj}>.rG[t[̳zes(,>{=񎤡m4L>HaYA#XXNiwo)DEr#GyyTD>O9ӊ.M]zɔ<%:rH6)g{c+ŚNEVWCOTi+Y&{WpZ>to: c(4HV!+NQ*FiOZؙ waF07zL2RHҬͱp6a_w N3O3j ==Í-pek7 iYxF#U>HˠB|xg̍D{o~)*dWE(ZUa,"U%"\N.G.D^Txk.w̖#oi !l[ aUэ }㽣%Se5Jd@Oߦ:c])*[֗~ײͧ뿌Ef^Q,i?o+ff{ 2hjG1(z 4W!HqYյ|*vo[v}b3 >WIU=>l'Hg$ťD95}C~Ym >Zu%7Rn%'ٛO~G%VOőO7K̭`v\>JvҀ#AsMÁ)FrWď .2 Z?on>n=OtVܒ2JD8+F'bZes ڷ~uoAznҔR8:@Js7s7Gl]} o ,CW8zsVC%HU:'!ǝL Ƣ @`y>O2m'W"ɩ?_Hr oJP|j+v8DվRo?W*O:EO'|I^H=P~ܼۅ.'+$!wLjwI 'Yi;`KмtۏE FIi^.C0MFJ&悭 bZޗZ35qގQtCykTRLV #XT`RqҊ0`0*b4a{)$[uݾ[iE1c>:M8Ǧ5tA-8㿸=X#grΆ16^k̗ 04Z&~8|]+]'A|_N )%x*c1=>j!+^sOnژp\1A8H̕rp,|@ڢD^YgJN(jrV,,'\4ԟ㳌89{b$ܢ2.<'o FP[Ȩ˩N|@AS%VNδAmgOk;uRif+a-KwOad M90 3m;\cF1NlȝeWf9d~.yiZ!>8/sFҦcC {$3>SjM1u*1=|F=t=TZk>oNzu0m 9\U*|ݡTmH:nSvYU@Us@P$ ܞٝ*R9?ӑ-?f-_Ch%LSTaV(pI*odJTWѡKqڇdDp8vMXG0m6d>Í?Sؠ#0fc+p,ȖnZ+>0ȚN' q)|UMYJ{TZ7p,%9~woɪD鬩K}NblxΡcScE歅xld7U%l۱00vAtTEp* FٗWF',aWE}%;IEx*U.Sa;+ F%,0|ZT2F&RrڄW驕VNV kէ9kNfB']zW^g GIfqƒ``Kf(7t^yINt/KOLa:l^a+\50VŋH+|g7}t`n;p,Ϯ؝hXIk`8W]Эe.PlXP]>LU"Ih=l"m&G?\u! 8=9;{X%}7jݡ#ʲںW P%o'*)CVVR#T־}L}Bs7m HڸUEH<bT |YIs UfQ16scFnFYFC^(JW:h"~xʮD_{\ujm0ZM9J[I=j0z ډ[LT{db6):W 6†}VsgMcEAרe%'?յA)T {-іr$<Cٴn?:Tv:BE 9 VVՌބURUX9C#vm@bNc 8ŀ8'^h'̆*FMMDM #VugM)d'̓2dٛ|wrYJYtV(~?Fmxe ĵ_@ծ0&I A?KN`,1u`CPWRgZg^{ٱ3ْԷ`b6`6\D#tyDߙG|](?ߘ%~)D듰Ӗ $$;iG/JslԣSlqt8@g/A36OOVgxޅ_pl)|@MϲcT[1lUxHz*WBN3ğ7ʈ'v:4T9ԟpjD%Ņ70 _\HWGwoX$vgb!­8ATͼʲ؄+.^nd ;0h=ܮ 6 siSl&%Qs5K&jL9Z㜜Efȁ#;$/<$⁏L,#WA*RoƂFe.OS ;Ĝg{r8X Y=' o#* JCQgĀކ첍m{8Y ИLZuUԂRNh.Po? v'J'q yLdQ_Ч`ư]6^2AW Ils|gDwbCs'?K/=#p GUNBq'o"tB.p`:$MyyPSch!/Cj|"(*dF0tk{[QccT)wW`7ofq8U>Y,Ex\ɉ,yPAIfOY|3D8ҡ&h8ؒ~!K.g9hyf ;5 ޥɃ) :$r \$&}i Gb^-:+- /vpr^}9m:.qb`->p5ă E$*) {SXtN`|rx%EJop #(:X[Hd/'pP<J ;4t{긅^=#.Mc&D!C#N'1d1#s2b~U7g0f@C YsUhiT%/aSš*s5/jJ].k0%Ǝe%!O~OpIv̸d3*HIbZgХkv$hXRIpVc?޷ewuTwIlԤ1vI  *At3!DSFCE:&6t}>VSsc=k+'G[~BȷѼ ,[83훈yaz<Z.gĂVG]lZ vp;iv}.knշs={?]%GYêYjvn„#w9-tFzKppV*yjͷQjXӟ7;1Ro6"zg4b6B9exep tx/H[BĖǮsqu Gl3̗a .(c $a/5`a(%XLSUWA2p*ӏچA~#vdhD|"E'zdO߷u<3S}A$3g_>6t.j>jGmnW>JWuݶ룪Nm;-U£-ȸg[̳h-Ej#ZȭWj{]'%:$ 66GJSDogN}b?G6c\ : 쒠 ښ2I @td:L9RLߴj'o[T(^ѹ4١k5NВ֞`@h=e0te@!} 7^۪G)mCǴ1m,"4_1sKZ ^G$pw&:?#d"p\ddg?[`)q:@;4uљ)!NcQžn0J)JNYM_ycL;md*a̗Ivx޽Offql},?'`k:ȉӳ={<>{^D}~~+\7+"|oN}f~Wbs/#`NwǕ]%Nx-l"w}vӿc܃+o Iau%ӛʃ1_cn꬛y&0ƭ\9L^h0iDz@

^'C1ǎ0Rq OYGu}2\?=ڙ6YS]7I\|ʢ3/A>̿L$ƫyOUi~OG" l`(ufkϔf04>wґ 8k,%,HUE$p+%Jy ~OM` I>|,1~$`'Me1*^1%ivT!:bTB W] d{KZ#q)#G*FI3jc=7>W_A'[,iNblcPD yp73l?u υ=i \hd{@068Ʉ nm2w, *B;26l?!$n.3_ChWb}:~,&Iq? &>^G,!"E:_`bc?V%^i'@&9z{x >ʦP'C4ZtpAW2(H!G f(wߘzakiܝlџ}ws p+dWQbڴKk%!KD81˱I{ v< '@*.U (DC&+C7 ^O6T<њuD⴪U-1ۍyNɳ%/#ݷl7c7)ۭEqQwxi/sdNEVN|Mk v}%(9d3{?1x[."NH XJ{HUg#-aBK2\edh'#4bXkw mGT鵏{^F,9|v!z&=q` Ѥ/]Ks^rii2WFeֳAz3NŢFiK`ecu@ve6yklj'}or?)vyy#%qr#?RV[\t|J^x3Nw-*ĴHA]ztёD#|FyF4|nm1EJs_)vNB'W%,δfHwon:oONqu`K OJ }m mt}d4hkl>?m!5{C _g2ϤhczSti}ڶK3o͉U揪Gp͋&aePAVaUidf{ުKE!ܞc&r]rch[aEhվժvg[X<+f%?EjzlǨͷ-4݂R{qY-դ6t7)8\w^؝.ͽgL2+zyCڝ Vf+G^&䞼JgP;5c:x8Dd_t3lQ ix!lc;."lq'jSj`[7KZѼ;Z1C,gЬ/+>CS-R/4:>!: ޥ쇪 QE:GeC4VN5\:h 8qdlXU2?>}k[PF eV꾺 se_i+11]YwԏV`[QN@kUpV8"qH2ד+̣Ui!2,7n?c1fit%ޞX9φUՈnqRݩ2 (._MFﶄ 2=KnPR.38v:~‘dw/k%ZEiɬT 8ݪTi:hzؗ3CZf%:xB1ɡqk;݇JW5 t׈IlllC"~b,-/6R@\:8g}y5;Ka(ߩ4>Ţ~05Ƶ`o9SخW}tS&n{Å-!>Qu4Hʲ6JYp` 5HפWΌ&0xym ^֓e|`YFyEܿNhL L~(<'`);<\AΥDU{j!lUҹ4z$PFrhdvsahF8k3{fig@qÜBL/2ӝQkO| ȈԌ%:dn:Qor h]pp%UΝ=-@۰ I^xѓz4V`vՋk̅3LPPkL'hq.~U-Γ4F5? d W64DmwmxmIZkhsk-16tdd]1ax<Zp 胘?i(ZUܯ1_+dY\V=H(4Q:o0:vInR0 miB :+xm.%5 EH? o a- x c\K&i"&?.#uP7!/L<Գ%!>(A*Mp!%D{_B/:0,V/i!mỳO18xUs^|j{ocr0eK*YmPyPo|'O$PHμH cʋ (8fĄCn\3~a *XҽWcjh9BzL.~0/HFɘwlEdEغY:}##:=&q8N[Å6>#x`G=2|FtX\f$ KNy u/S/,;o<a<h2$ͤ\8BK6"6 67BqAܟљ9Ϋ#C%0__ L8+a2Y >\ʷ{u .lT*iF(?i'pJb0< #5ђg0O[=8ZF QtЇ6Aطn_D*8u\thſbiӁ,@gC!/MƓ]Dm>wsݎx{ {ќe߆Wg Us##wFwC9:|M1h1L+$ t> /Sg/O}O^oPpg)CpzdҫۼHzOR ?E٧^;4 ԴA|9>oEF/dXh`"܏40^$< vl88O?ͮM.Fۼ>[`]GI6Gb6;*/ͣCݒ$b-3.8,A^Fʼ!s^ Ujǖ8{} <&M0A`|.(-yw/rIDAT!m^pw +X8QK>|FL@@ae[aogx2a%SDn uSbڲMժSSh|P=|5|cnQk}U0_' KICLuYR4e9 i&׽PE><7sE,̴ 9c֌&E0[$I-vkK_hؚ6'`rA8t1%Z2U]m0~9>ݟ-8xs8XoQv#?6Dudu}HYy0[]~nsG_˟%~6~24mj m>Nm<ަZyar-qKaqa?U$0ڝN7g|a{єqf%Tvk?$5.OV)lߺ"3=B\:P\]b1D@_3MVi ].'k+m ꒕\d" %rbrdU-y%?DΡO?WPsuܱagf & jUL[C^-K`Rie}fDL-poqt??fy c71l]gD2+^{r*vnvn|i&!aimCqxKDy^k\|,HfL-KA 渫 X]i/z7ގſ_y+}2|fKCoPphעu%$^,pwAT!6v<6,OVQЯ"rB*i ޏ/ߏNDDC_ }9r.}{lc\\aƃ_,АKVV{u(qvW|㤯۠wQZΪJ:|RWÚPE-Y}نq2C+A 37){9ئJ$m 3gDm0\RsJ ij]%t Ww]Á=٪8i2oW>c?yTypp{1{6?+MlrOi\?7|:2Q+'@$+er>Lfn$ceŕӪ{WV}7#? NAPшU]]VXzdml.zEEݛB< MfǿʿgwV|_^~0ESsr{I%NWx{b9gEm΋8SxЇvfV#{QKC@3p6SR`EOrq|_=vrs9~Fj%<2(\u , {5M7 'Ôw`ETS" 3?rtE`~k}f*2L+\,p2!IpZ_y֙3q]R~FɤvĿLW@_VA"%0$l\I.ƥo!с$wv_@ŴB7SM6aÔ6?2Aq17U[15;o07h]8=|5NʹB(lm7N4ܧ䠻S48 f^rP`/^O}.[DDPQOZ.fd˝ q1JLy)#>f휌p~-hT1آg }31J~~Bn(ңOv,Ϗiv|a(0$c4?}r+B󻪣S6Gvp=|^31S ьXŬZ`JZ-g " ᶬisPyſ#ԾqugwMhu> |t%!vϕ0E&m$à8/0j%`VvT+K̀fҰzU&&1_qM#w$C( 5nVe|\:im0\-Hq A cC6G*SZ.E<'z.ZuYJ)}SVy,6__IӋR#vT|aeCT9L [:juFI6\o1ߕzhK{jtܽ2%Z% 3]ZИXpM7t햂[|^t9HB(hdwš Gl]'l|5_l 6$HYe}Lsc_io ~Y-Xk%`+v=[q^7pCQk[%*h|[TT|ワsg8)TZ-:'[Dp|Vl`[ئ}Xf X4a"u$2^ƻpj fԺX@zytԀ P9Bvs̱^v:N7羭w>C܁U\=W|{ XvDmy$$dD"3[?eI[PQ8kO[N7P)[5y q/}F `)6t=w)HEg:zSV`3M)s,у-bҲ1I;O>%k3M :fg3.* 6K&~P/8j+ u>5l;>2 UtZ`n&"HrxSW6tμי+f 8W 0HHv Q$Sn}1@4tom 11 ۣM!i-+͏{l ;0> )@BOl4C:{UdUٓZqP9! Xd\eS@)w}~w]~7O :r۠wķ䨜Fr\XQRRy|zPZ-㔇V I2[g$/Ds\4Y8ۼMV Icc~&zV hId) >!vo (mMKz-nI%ݘ˒qZ+\[eRjU=ǘS%J%| }90O*ԣ6EFFT2 J;F3ٲ(8`~Q=ؤK>#(;d(1Be3y7C=هᕷTLVseL[9Π`6Ҩ11l.+Kll$/G;swAw۸1e򈩙ݺӱջ?wSπ_ϝ|ONۻh4""&#@q؂4 &\>Y k\p G(c`9 0*py6 S4vh~p,4( L6C{ d 6`icS"C[Z^wg`MW2pCQ"Dׯ6dRΤFYC68@$ wbO5*Dv{f:"kcnG܃n~yu,x"~{~8~{~_[Z_Ɨ}ǯ;&}5H#ռ\N_su]-+?\a{o[K/WDgwYP(4 3nswj0q죄ЯۊϏȭj{hS7gVJm+:ˮ[ȏ0Y|F >j{mglӁ[˾sL Ftk/0e F"Gu1?y4zتtnQ@{5:Lei4;_8ea}k%maϩ8.gSF3pCNC{͍O 6@;lӫɰj} c.. IsA/6X{&>זp94ƽWtg­AqUXk8gMٟizq7-7/mGa쌾jg3T~^~o<#t|N|ͷbRhh #:˹ZІu;]gW݁߇]զՓsmjX~@f}  m7|\R  IENDB`
Warning: fopen(http://spatialanalysis.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/map.market-630x210.png): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /var/sites/s/spatial.ly/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 430
Improved Tree Maps with R

Improved Tree Maps with R

“Treemaps display hierarchical (tree-structured) data as a set of nested rectangles. Each branch of the tree is given a rectangle, which is then tiled with smaller rectangles representing sub-branches. A leaf node’s rectangle has an area proportional to a specified dimension on the data. Often the leaf nodes are colored to show a separate dimension of the data. When the color and size dimensions are correlated in some way with the tree structure, one can often easily see patterns that would be difficult to spot in other ways, for example, if a certain color is particularly relevant. A second advantage of treemaps is that, by construction, they make efficient use of space. As a result, they can legibly display thousands of items on the screen simultaneously.” (source: Wikipedia) I think treemaps are becoming an increasingly popular method of visualising multidimensional datasets and there are many ways to create them. This tutorial is going to focus on the use of R and builds on the one published on flowingdata. Open R...

Read More

Posted by on Feb 16, 2011 in Featured Maps, London, R Spatial, Visualisation | 6 comments

Mapping London’s Population Change 1801-2030

Mapping London’s Population Change 1801-2030

Buried in the London Datastore are the population estimates for each of the London Boroughs between 2001 – 2030. They predict a declining population for most boroughs with the exception of a few to the east. I was surprised by this general decline and also the numbers involved- I expected larger changes from one year to the next. I think this is because my perception of migration is of the volume of people moving rather than the net effects on the baseline population of these movements. I don’t envy the GLA for making predictions so far into the future, but can understand why they have to do it (think how long it took initiate Crossrail!). Last year I produced a simple animation showing past changes in London’s population density (data) and it provides a nice comparison to the above. In total I have squeezed 40 maps on this page! Technical Stuff These maps were all produced to demonstrate the mapping capabilities of R. The first uses ggplot2 (plus classInt + RColorBrewer) and is based on some code...

Read More

Posted by on Sep 7, 2010 in R Spatial, Resources | 2 comments

Writing a Spatial Function: The Location Quotient

Background: In some cases it is necessary to conduct the same analysis multiple times on either the same or different data. In such circumstances it is worth writing a function to simplify the code. In this example the location quotient provides a simple calculation easily written in to a function. The location quotient (LQ) is an index for comparing a region’s share of a particular activity with the share of that same activity found at a more aggregate spatial level (a good book on this kind of thing is Burt et al.). In this example we take a shapefile of London Boroughs that contains information on the population of each borough and the percentage of sports participation in each borough. In this case there is little point in calculating the LQ as the percentage alone would be more meaningful. The focus here is how to undertake the methods, not their appropriate use, or the validity of the results. Data Requirements: London Sport Participation Shapefile: Download (requires unzipping) Install the...

Read More

Posted by on Sep 6, 2010 in R Spatial, Resources | 6 comments

PNG  IHDR, IDATx}wUE{M7IM$ fgP1:Np':;3κvfv c1 EDE$DI @tVչ{Pp^>{ު=u9Uc91ιh_ϟx ;(9ð㋇ˣm1v¼y0eʔ6x-ΙHN?lEF:N$ 6V_ sSzg C—$7Z W+t0BzgA(T_cRo0z_?` *x Ӝ0lt |qn1X00%Fht L?林~ B)94 7>k&?Mt ^0_b|0[t1~bl1@lA+HD~'ˤI Ö tle?Lsnze/1>_ ]N,&u; `bXlo@LHmsX1&f')kHs꧃XKC?= #FH\M@ )ᘪHYT.W bo$&K ,inbǗ`=s @1lbz-H̤_#J] τ!D۝6[#/1? _bR]|L0`tc[U)hmzжIm%i4 QU#)<_b|# h U{Ѓ)t"U\6fF #9>XĔQ(~xf/1)ǂAV%}N6h1MaMM)\[%a6I_SZ]s0le?|q0# %> nh_9HeUJA6~ej,՘^r~0l6'Ksbblct0". uLf&gXدzðfLב*ÔMv]qn00V [j?[&{ĂZ}"U3T;3j%sϦkXls0Ls7Gt=^_b|?_[+%['f 2 $vMocDr`dD =yah=L}cʄbł_7:[zX0okc8z>JtF͖l2M%ƹňlaEEKBү101o@7 lmkð%ƹTgC?-LL~0ejɦ& xV|'ϖ*fۡ`dE°6?0PA'2RtHmbhʎD*sAG&{G9ЏX1LlЙbb0~L4Y?ز%HT0$D0|q|Љ:0aDe˖ 0~y㋈k,6:-b0łaâL.F?"`$6aZ}Tyol \`0LXy[jv܉-z$@G{fqٶG7\kFZbz4X0BHBMDbwS;? Nf, 7e0M~sDjԩSq5 11шc,^p8J{Ena 8I?կJ<ÇFלT}]V o"0lu,bb_7nlS{}P O'CIԆAm 0cXJ~f&cܸq(--s=V8V®g(LLFBR2 -N pm;~ _,[aJ.юCo`ł.7qƌ& ezwFR&<,?#a[_Ġ"a'$[E[k+^Z _, ũy8,lHknMx{?FqfU /!['%%t=mV=b_r,dE°Ɣ%Ldg3iL/@Wo+ZGrs&%$18 uc#]1m<(2ƐyċAjr&80L%ӈߌ {׾JQ]]p_l91B nE#;{u#cL|g`:glv> [Ċa;' $F\ljtģ>[U.Ff0l6ݦF GkcpաgO#~5HO=;qn -e݀|c|"O吕 VW㋀A.tANJt׍NFv6Xc=0=ɠGXb~m6rU8H靻a; 8.Gin(.-xUUtmd4ao={?~~W06{-xw HG$@yLX3] b]:lThs4> &hhhe0{bGd`̘ QصIkg.q0<޿ {; VT 6B81U3Éa||*IQDUQt0UffHu61^yf?AۡJ e$"F%^)qRKC6~>HHKEwc0liO~H2# #}X:9Ւ|4tJ\4h*HJyTlaL]C'SuWgT{B:9 7%+rK\Ek.騾P 5zb9xftΙi䞯Z,4gˈ#$^P&UJ_0 \,[^~:mk˂gm`d%(L%(cC\)!J  ȹ<]6BEnh 2I*L0F G*L2XDN& ⍄ lak8Ω8lYD?nb(Y}mZ{8!fG>|\ݝ1?/,Z.` [G#/ ?"1ع0~cdD0i:(aQ٦Mc}H*/w]Q WLC2 |j۶,CEdL\ ]BgwP1ce܋kV_"8GzzǦT tFJͿce6 WsLc4h#@6mulr2gNGj3={Yo_0">\)cy$3%I:ePb.ZÑ0Eh@n#y1᱁$31.Ɖdde`S5UCa nGеSF2% zޖ`Mj?k [Ű?[zX0BcO*ƏeuS_]G V/CD'BJAXj?}zܖ8w c5;^ٹ=bmYګTuncQqo9pJ5Da8d+:rC?%WO`Tt\~ ܟacj6 ÖԣŠ}k69] Ӹb'fz^3=7)h1M~4ah;hIkuu5;ƴe[;dR2s} Rގ/kSDEdVD8)텄ј:M44r©s03iIKAM5FŠ h"kūOncAhy4&bX ˵Ha;gf-mmlfc GYQC[iw!̝;8>쒞JHIb8OyWNuv^Sʱxi4d cW_ ˆq`nvA0T#`4GzyqahycGk|**6t-j ?=#Eg:)[>620MmM3]ï O<Λ7;>ًoqq 9?W$qw-Y;ʙDHQK'}QqRHVJb%Ayg 69⒒6pپ+ѷjÄ]͟n[缰Ey*z$h0voۈG곺D3&?͛7obХ_EJZ'tt9=}פO/qq:9f|~zyJ,dZ&l[6al7o>rqe}<(\uz%xeV)e$Q) 2;18F0>Oo`)؞Y=K;~r^S'&E¨9r{&`}#͹j?mmmxQ]}ށC']{`5:Ec@0Đq=?_-7>hbox%>Lb0nI0ML,)mËE=GSEUx#DSig_)ؔ59-c2)Eu޽oΜcnL^zexodIJu@%yEƙ|ӨN`V >܌iT<}L\6w<nfG+CF_5F͑jTtT  mLsNpGmm-f[_i\qD$t4#vO;n e8T߆knO2*[9Qإݏ>K0IQoc*6 ƀxSOc]oÇD] Tٲc4؈͛7ȑXj5 Kq-w1$Hɒc* Y!)-ӹU0Q%}@;O b_6`&r{m%TEZɋ9a45!!!cԗP1N@vjN޽oR=7~w~~HHH0~ktµd;wbѢpx샬\<ǜȒLUCɔ;{;*) bO&P1 BEa[=3cȍxW6̗b[.7Zj yrFVCP pXSu;PеBY18P628:gxP!w-?!Wh?ܬl5vUVkY9o/Oǔ"???llxM6V6Ya=92ʴl&8G[<?ş)[;ӡsg}K?X _{&ƍȞY ]t9m&:jMMVg#l3,rpJXEw~~nTVVF5=h+[w܉_n ݟrH##Fc!>!OYcɊ4mu#!i!%%c V,5W]`\Ld*2Q9!Yp>罶]$J0πAHJNqq}_ԗ_D.Gbj'-OC;7$"ǣ3~Ӫ@^z n' (R_$i3`YE%<q(7ǽS H+V ϏPl&mKH9Vf &T+1si&@z ;w4i;8uT|jB/[Cn=Yp`J\XY.eP^U Z.Q:! RzŏsOq(z5FJZ'LaIjlecQ"S:׆گ*p}Ǽ\Q:ʰ&Dѥw <,8ţ5oZwVm%#| ^ZظWbᩰl,HE~m+f4n=Uh+w.!nnЀ>k̬GЙ}!++K306qO?4Zۀ2%%\,bRq& 5hc {FcH6V6[I g<ERGlj/C qqXлp41*XTc;M\N$ƈ1jxwsfׅW{l(O6oƔB(fzq/@B l቏`mgV"GQnX:w oikSM|-?MXvdҥ3fMMd&.ވ2y|xawq*b IDATAp؈IgE05 9%h酭9{mlZ!:::$OeUSSKթӱob؈̒YyG!;Z'1d(ּ=yśߣErC>r.a, -Cs0cZZq|4e 2@@[n@1rAϨ`RvctPM͋G@(=5O?jGyԛ{ )ĶmHh+~ptJB^AYLHb.}棣3w]w [4&0-)`z|Ǩ:-߇eg23U4e/,!.53k:=|;v܍?.\V.P@+P90e.uKWNC;ec7_G6F`2^ }ю+!cUWׯ/@| %Mh7VDxF$D'q, ϟ"%MU1at`0466 95MEAhl%Kq-S6MW k.y nBJSzwcdbS5$q0cLDaUG[;V/[b,_eږ1`s|$v&k$$A%I2@Pj6ýSqt sRvJqoK,/_ſ^;_cpR 3rQѭ߾ȪgNԑ=IA8$yA& mJ1"mkId G9dͽDžvF\N?M6aʶ9Hzsp_c [OPIfHə98pLPt@Y]a66jٻ }2Z1nH@vv6JJJ>Ov>`H²UH#uk$dً\t1T@w%hS@wxK $tEϞ]\J>g3'{ #;wKDj!m Ui+Jj:I@Cd ]\2Cx=CfZI=(Wi(U*T1I'ĖjKޞm\rMGSAW+֤L$y\^!M$Qp 5jŗa%^Ps#tDڛڝ F=DEוToPA܏<#<8B){Ocd\JbÈɷo8]/Awg6oEbn Ҟ˻ g\U7!ctiupׂG1&er.n;ڃB|;Ej)7d%hW{enX194 :Xql.&BN"jKi{w^Q̇Y5x1V2IgdU)뭪OV̈́=bhiG}+/ޅʊ8r`T'.'-U3P__nRc_#g#. K7Sm 2V8ĹUwiy,-iEVfc2HWp IPo-U(yDVnW.Tۓ9AO{{dMz|D d]B ה"sH]ZS!)3Kٜs9kE  pu9L_"\bDg+}_6՛>z p!q#|Dl &⹩ⷝ#`:ic:up"AO.!絚^(yS̚Y@~=j+E>vuT#6Ǐ~5LA~ n6H{)ih=0`(©' Һ @ .A·>r'sK0y]YZ{,Y05 1p ."wAVĶ2 WJ&[ R3lEچQi9[| _8T!/` 9oWyM?(qoc+Z)f"ax>Cò֦~'!;p3E&[YJr4(Q9UɺD)3n“H&ueMbi\FهcTwno |QUM[/{Fk+Ib# bРq/F3U*bk&$v[qG`90-2 j_v`%טk*X?oRv^(| n %HbQY%ӕ}> <݆p\~P29U[?Auuů5DHjS"ZVrQ3Q %^khwHH,FsKh: ǠkDͫ ;77\}-{#MvVn>[Z}FMp<!HnỲ!Wm>dhKeTb>\0BPµ˹n66B.Pn+ TQh+Y0kv rΟ+r@Փ&IKxNVbE2k=)cHEtrׇ1Tdw(Vq@(!nk2N.awnGKH*=,%q F%9 rHZ5|*R[plvXWB9$ Ćx-s8=`VJ?g\>zpE܂D$Tqk -NFnAlY=yV2eq(mE+zf!ϛ J>pef6B.;{.6[ ߌOH@^`̚5Kl{U3b(2cvԠ+ܤYs"|3ZOֺpdnOVbSsH ,<`!n Cr r\IB(m?7ghij7y' ".w .SjBM+}c˲wV> V(rḊ.祋th' 2DJ.]{=7j+ hm@@0 yGp$k_[8fon@&F[}gϞ0ܠ2\z,!0)ҺSkdDƶ} њ6 HdlxzHԈ#$ZL330L}Y%RF֊=W4QuHJIc m8^[PA~dUGcڶ{W ؙ'I0E4݁57!HKʥ&N!۪sA;scv7>ڛA0i2TBͣ*Y%& o'1C!<98x"> a9w>y~~{UX}Ê#lVBuF4mw1 ;Up&A8x.:zNr8A(\͘#3ahᶟ+ֹ{N?AIp 7ɩ(.9|Kw2?h+4 8!asm-Ab'yElRUL1l)qH @80I\9v+Qѥb:(1B!tf[ #Z[{ςQ@jj*'8^)9b+f^a\oaصkw乾6B(ZQoH8'Kar=~ 'Nq]>8F$AaNw,Y!Z p1e85OL{!:!dN("B gw ]CuHHHB}LB jM[ᴷFDyN V#noih xθg܀:4} _EÊVRwſ=]۷ b6dec+&Hѕ# !3F[ (7?vty8|jt8ع+*L/Q-.mیEiFVME:-z'NT~L%vSnx(8YJ+(a0R2}s>X9Z^dLDpn|WtjM_UI@ݝ -PǾ]p $gJ1rϣ\ڐ ۟|ݹ|!GR\X5֡iZd5#@0^9ZVCz 35]@!kjpTV 5+ݟ* ]LvA$I)yLc\eX:j;^QT_z>0ſಉ=1[[['N //)))׫619Q}V5,A֭n+~ΐ߉1eGg$J&:W%p\0r %#~"Х* - X6e<~#.Hr8sс}둕ԁ#QP⎛#1=C]sf"PK >xm-ͨ?r#]-7mCmvoRQ w7321txApd}P/s#dZG4fjo*LӁm>>\ S"kp 䒎JNÊ[qѸKHBUnN֝@[k EFV,ė/bJ43N,[*ů5̜[UՑ=b`8k ־v 5<̦`  %#seC`vbzH EU9h('߼ʄ҂&lˁ#;7#V'g"gxI ϣ!~~?C S,U@u^~>~bÆuX8{.pQRZ `wєV [,Y j+&J.UlGжwƒ%K0zh=u UHw aR^ XX] 9$N-]dAGIupNXH* pyy9=zEXu^mTr8YI7z30rt\֖0{QM5s#玓*ńA97rZ:i6FYvIJO\\Fs8DiJⳘ3ؽcB[0fO:c20L*K/(s]c+*=w ,̇chi@'@-k ze$-Z4[9N<ddņg|+ⱕf3aq7汣+WUoGGVogs\MԮcچNx*0wqnFr"~߿Ĝd}1$ []w}ɘ8o7^SKOjm%,C1f Վ~ _ݟlGJJ w^Z'j4?t's{;ޱ=z򜃣۶nƢebՁ:1,WMV|r㇌YY9Hr]$붐`]k_aYׯEhi5 XKnWyGWVBAGrz \~ݑ {Opׄű<B j KPbG> r{G?%k }sw*8re}ÂӐ^=8/hsaZ)+o@T5樮y\_p58ƒGa;Aޣ1hdRr ږ+"\&5Qإo3'Ou}r=*,]鹉\Lz2&{&pKgI}v/cq'Fڷc;ѫϼC{h5~1D+zU ΚaR1@=a^YY2:o?L3K0;)ssj~g;2'ks;O[ y9jz-лO_$%'c#I% |=.ph杓Pܵ+jVcY1V i9H7g3fNG%WI~WVڄCp @sЦ◥^>*qӽظ#2ULVPnm<~[Khq&uELigy#Ƚgܥ̘FeO"&av׀(; RJ%=< -mYX{ >{s=ws%*͹zĮ5էkdp6od )b~-|q|b[Ys;J-MB]+!f# C{]m-WX$w)*zWzpwl233ж#ҝwÇLBbR88n6|uY00wΛ(S"b+hKJ%NOS}^To֫G{[;RB %{yZ@qqZ2qn[ES.@WB4׫*?yc›cL@z*pc򁁡aL싢  R1Us2YшK@^ρa`8jd: f*5G'S+CqqCڔJRwv 8bէ8GGj1ڂnf#H4+/'2ZP;5ws]I՝b^7%董*23]>>~7iZmE\2Wj 2YIqutpzFbb"E-|z{ots~LD8@}B2iTT P!Of25}I>Wǐ F# i@ȻwE7a%rr2'ۿx';"(]#+?ވ$nUBk=;eh6 X\{Dyq<O㛏~_0i#RqJG"3I/CPl0 ymmX]TT snDc+ GKSZqX - (LC^^5M3 @a577フ+0񦻤u[s.L^-~%-{wrMxE||1H)RAM!sMwzQ? ֟ۖ6׭[eG ?Dɴ* s^> v|VBbzL*+0ŠT={~PT}9x9ic0_a4;)] 5]`}+ k7K%*Q*0^]J?テu)9onwQUh!8V^9=IV/Bm~azr[#OEx8x SGq\jm6hKécGT sڌ7_n؀oAn6w1@Sx`ͷA'_pn2n57;`@[[ݍ.%Ԉ%˗aMwmÜK۸prLu͝m⦻я,haiFjFXcDyk<Qi)IB 0 y1醛=Ʀ&x}*jk׳}V9^ۙ7n4YK&T6,{c߾}KosQ0 5X??әxJxigzť {tŠs xfS9z 8҄a -9HHICck<6p3ǖZ f9Gjv>q }GZQ؎N(}%:%$slr?m;ٹ୸jhLc m7vZ `,H>9|r@T,>CqA\!z_8Q=cH/F%onyxزn5PəV[ a>> ' O{ .TⓉjLs}}?{) ++`X.n̇'hKQH?Ν_V4ƥ0ƤhN9₉ô361Ă_L/N_ry$RY @b *TT 1ϿA|\9qwdG jM9!4 ?Ba  ["Q9X5K I ƃe,iXY`0P":Ҋ.­kH96:U^,X ,` {AFAWhmnD\b2z<.ڕ` CjVswo/LB\\[j;L0u("jo I"Cc 3 ^ 8GX"O>Æ?Ĉ#p.JJwǸgD\?ojAYdջs嘔;i^p$U0@ur`J&Nss5z01oB7$OB 1a;\U eƈ#{ƛ?gK(--O=(|VaÊTaHd05P0e*_K̊T{t))FbZ'5̝w]Esn^HI@ @hҋ CTTAi*^B%  df{sfΜsϹ|+=gߙ;:BGD0 ,f+ !M9KdI}lE PǑP) LIrփ$~BdYmUT~0tw F:zybTŶqN-/!tL*Mng5h $xt7ըYQ^^A}Wb aUD>l/FWw1[;X}7mw7"ٞB"//5μzx֡1f67MYU4(<#.Dj5tb=b>tľu :.I$'yA RMZFAA64Hwoe!ZlH*!z Z9:Q&>!ÄwtrLuPЯ)۷~rK`޶|&MJ<^Y{3kdJʩ2g2TfV4.,uhg͂..sӭuVb2bnFGWWOd % Te7 Ҝ&.Stx'N}S3?W~;.=vQfo>vyv~iXMHoW\E@]~V-[MxnAc)t3Əz\o,3 r xO`],efxrYɶ fxW#vc`e!k:]jR0 DjN@ Jư+.!R3rt˚x[lX,gpUpoG+$#hř,3ԯpʲYm.8lÎݻvۈ: =`$ 駞QPPis䴹gm~/D q!Qg$i73a#q&sW$''$Ge%Tі7O}HyYyl^VB0|p_ UХfƒp?oAk#g!h>ïީRYG!\i͸“>bL<>}68'۲Ȑ ? D8HXEjec2z$Ѕ$B:!=zQS3w+;w=Lz2N{g}eSC%GQU 8h?+^VO𲲟*3Ǝ_彮6B陨INڭ,TLǩ0*>g<k>‘@JW XQyצ\媗Gp4u"hP`>d:w獰"9z ZaOWAbm ,F::e1sH +V|D%;d?K>i%+|%~6 Ey/څuՠw Y,dON(׶O b@,D!B!ArXl\#Li~ilHZ.&-1r~*+h4~~}VID*$o {kb_ΙaJ$cbU5;b= kfĉ_rۄsoKU"ՠ?Rpz:##C8$:* I]e(" _ڃ .CH2a κHv>hۻΧ(?b:Ɯ;imz{/x1Zp+^y7zqg=` 9~ Uc.>h9/gc?NZZZD5?p=0S^|rEjc3]Oc|}ފdj|̍wýzT&6I59 x|/FwG+/+5G%S8"- 0ӤA"nADs !ZGlӤM"(4\ns¸boJˢpl+ji#>ѯzEo`*·~.:q,k BJXv%-ͺy]2T7t&ۡBĔ&-uNMfti;6H$&Y1ƳOp7&HB=o]lG>`$}/Lfeƞ˗Vn$ 82PQjNV+аIja$_.N9}idMn^M{S=$b\1D_<⩧&agĤlNa}\GE"#ހwWpXk Wlo Ѹ:$\1 qYa;BuUn(uRG)~Get NlFVnVBY Gٞ?L]CBnҵdoN.gr^/a]ULhG~3y 7odȨ1I{* 2dH-j9H8LV\_#(D #卣~)'?R1sşn 75I%\7pK{p sqcm$Ա~ۊ.Y׽g~i (ɐȰn-Ȱc&bFM1^B" Ҳe=f} IYAxuGzk&m|Q`߿Og5Dǰl=H~e5` !J@*n>d V/F]i4K|ۣu #b Hxx>*$:dnRCEǎĎ!y76u2o{3v(OSjF֓P2Kѽ z=mjy _(Tp9T:~?HE3lv:O*Yx˦ctb??L5IfRW:ߵj KQL:RFI/sָ|Ƴ=z ?ZZfYayV8-]FݷT;;Ѣ}un cW߳5,g?W&՚wi_#F Yx_ xƽA(s*Z1:t84#4y yyތ5]zly/WFh4gr&&!A=Rtwo ~S?G꺡P/ _m5frrr_:5lk2@|z!2H::1pP&tדh3'ya~t"kFFLR OѶ"~\[}h.?eUNp!~G;@⚃FfVLhsv::~ YԣϿGK?;AQaW^y%_pq1{#G͂zV7`2giMzeks]Ao <3t7`Qv*Ys\gΣ>E'iW X' jȪuۯ#G{& JUE|ǏIUźZlx "iƳ|)#޴ٲSc$*]iGr Ma)>C貤r^V%ԯ\/)~f݄d {!s3}^{vӚ^J^vb,3DSvjqw'HN~G~Mq3fx^cfr1Dz}6~_3q6Bw٨*o_1^/2"'vZv?p4hhM2Cœ w CԃmNg2l8wz.K1q`͢cƎwmTT'=#=c1mzs(DFecʣL|d$z`ٵ*!phb[F[kkE6'(tX0q܍cNXu^i/29Sv#譁v>*<-jX,ƪs7)" tѭ/ẼЛQ=KU7}fQ +?Zq?=wQ/X9º܌3˩6'XؓљaB|w\p-,x-v+k0G>p1jQrW!nj:--z'ZHt[2]Ku:Dn"@eqZ^ Mu&zoյyo괮Gs< 2)}°9ilGWc#g+/ڑ_YԕG!0ۯ [6o /A** ڂƯWu}U-hޏh5)%~gd3ˮ0Tj:=Bx37m0$68s oi,c"N8.8{OCۨpX⵫{cǬpt;hh ^m|ys gw!'.@|rdDW"9ThGs|il߱!xUZm:r ?]{Dz+k5p{8=E ٶmWq1{> ,u9쳍2N-hLs}Y :G 魤 J$'_z{ YΛ}UI*;IOSwYA@vzfͺUr3Z`k3 c5Hw.ޢ%k.;TTC-pӷP3t/ƪ+5N%#\u49*ĺ:%v|,@FdhM ׶o9%sqRj(~EԈ!n R/B@II)%%lݺu9p2&7L{Te'h,dTn!-qbg3ƗfP鐗_ Dn^>jwDMLۄ. 5$&/{Ӟ퐕u[~gŸ{!DwT'GnD(h{DfXĺ;T6PNi2y1H0pfIՄ!xڛ952P5R+^iE5VD cCDuhݻC^P°3kv8r=NJ7ߧtvvNQ?~$60VW֭aPU9oµ ;}ba8jj2wߏIVww7 a{s̈Nӝh֑?ի>ӊߜ~!H:u4O٩_6yfK|wN{v4k7VO'a<}4P֢CF9ڈb>N>oMP@Ӗ.~g3f98m(zd"N4ą lwJ: t9 :jܤ`k_ٙ¶1ܱI? /fW>\u sNX1?LtCX4] 4l$΅PJdE 0:ŕT/-XUgIw,oTϟQah3lo8ᄓlrR7+ZIф0QF52J'f~%T=a+?;Ra^iݏD(I%&LLHz OOɕ$\5"mdW/wP/^7nbK([}ePEuBWA V)ᵁQRŃ,{:FV84tĺNxgPN~ۺ;=kG*7$jI&&|Q/#JUJI"`_S" h x5}w=jhGۨ/h+5Ch4KVݴ 4pCښdڞ.b%bziUTE+c'<v[Ǣi+wE ̀Lڱ47#%F_H߿fN5m22Orw;ifM( Ǔ>(i W0ҘiV[ZZ?;WڰVxC_%т:Hy!))i߿ y'_s!?ա՞4IPk6%JRU@tF d= END>D4P@B q:1_idBUV*BUYIiCVY]|:eo<*w&\e !u4k'dݥcRzZy4{NTp5_#oǢ`>!tWMUm5, ~o5SD4]IE>BsE1[_1|*ӔA^ #S]]ͷ*OpYzu#b i =n;G~ ui# QsNaH7ө_ ҕb78g9eknu5[ɖ~H C鼞c8N&=Z"guUMLTP36F$?6+e{l~W̽7]M1zkN#MW"E<&kݝ L\]$<#h-# ͹ߩV)%h"&Ay]YϬCƐoN,1qg=3YPڏ>$0:ź贿&DX˗QCK۷9 ?yEt`8a  ]J]dSD3qlQ3.rѓMmYelܸh0]M :ZU5Ξ?NZqFv8wlcР!|"J'ȽC"ٸq9Yn~ΑlAk~H1X}Yނ&}F?Lo9''/_OV2N#UH8# l-1bm 4nXu?ca(w:FHsd';sAha ,{=ro>=aכ@H0GQ $!qwJ a ]3*e'$u]S>&A@Oɭ윷$pne0b(HgVBM '5!OXO^>:Ġ$ءj ~4'=ZGjǁ]k.'x=9hAk~G#G,̛rROg}6guoP5PTǁ;~;΃Ͽ#G[oIRR2, 0bHο諤7X&Ϟąc;GHd.Z w?KSpDsK@8.!:b*.R לR{W0%Ђ1\PuͺY iLPNн>u7y J [bHo99ͩh5'uh:̴qkeĉ\B(YNvx6'_xɓ&IPʕOɎ%.EoSUٟ!o7 IDAT˹ R;&՗q|$&֑`qK^IWTԗ_}[AJ8{Y9qUyaߤ'~w"~| '/l#0I4߰RB1ʩİq_sޕEz鴝Z{A$0l-jҐޅkmfdBMȊuJ+CI*k;TGATQm{6Pٸ!9K 6_};֬Zn~=VA:W=EH~ퟁ-/}~ ]K/UknA̷m֮YŘK7Ǭ4*)EG&?7(1g BqgrҞsk(S9F( s$(.3,9lѷ Ǭb,U99épYj3B,Ǩ{QK'R΅ELe͆FAf07|Hzq}Q Vт=<`"\ R7? #(_o1|_W##1Y;~cޜu {z5Y a 6@W%L4_]s<Pw._tP Օ$^`K|3_y池8+Њ79 ȹ1R H/2*~WBXpn?@0($`3 [~}iDș{9hۻGff/_kVƤI" e? ,H0B ~`~c@ߑl]TUU 즷olc3fyf˞YMhsN]ΠnM2-}CPI ({$m^Uơhvpeo@he E0]kA,Hjfs2SHi/g=͎ZWc_?nZmZ|P5 2JNϦngJ;m8i=b|Q;6mXøqu_s!cvNb^Gd8 .dkdDS&d᫷?7 3Tѽ(qe!,I5QكӺcZR" *TR)Vjy( ˩ r> w#1GͤN:vqsv,"hNw?p9Y1~I07{1"~m ~N; ߂#?&erÍуB]kZ^a{rN(B5Fyk_ Q_ZxI KTwcXurdW ՌZDzz4~e 9\:1O=~v$Q6EѤ& +16- Ѽb7H"AA ***CpB):' aS%Wel^>YP0X| Ņ쐉8V2zɎvkؾ}+CwsK xGj)}2Y/JU7upqq1/=w**H:R^+t큩 ^|5o6 t./<ɞ0H,H8KX-I\F2Z0rH?\U2 Y8LLHPV\+َHq.}ʓ.wUy3rj&Ѽ&!d"NO[ӿczoBhidd@ 8_a >SQ8$.`q_JֿOz\w|s6eJ}c7YWظa#ۼexH#H" `PڠrSFc^{˖_#bs9 @t:] FAаf!Y#I+(gmO.JRUoغu#]r&M*Yw$F4{?~Ӡ[ڠoK."PeǎϵpV %>\?ҕ]iu8!Pk0> Ķ#^D`CD3 Eg_v>Sμ7^$C5NbHdgd"q4 ҰrOiڸԍIaZq0 4`}_~]g^K%?a6oZSO=Nḓ\vDsѾ WCvh 5Dbn{r1{ҀqvEʕ&d%?ArݛX_֦z"͠Y@5jf͢:,ѿ53 ):pt Jtk*BHMRRu6H+IN#UސVxkDobT}^|)7&;&nkc=T _ ~zYtIR>`{9$U!D%v۲Ղ>I$2E|rƒ0 Q t&8 YJVHmdd vUm}LFViMvdUӲc5Y3乺z{;wޯ upQdsٕğ({$B]/䣦aGddxnK\ gA4V6P`G 'Î; f豶4.ؙP>tXϫNj X9o9NᗧI+,U yg=.ryoPqO2ؓ)+ӡgѡ "%1hHQG97Ǟ#4v%գ4EfځR]滶}@Hg"4] Fj͙69s`ĉm=MD9e&R^* ߫~do/4޲RZv*+;/:eF"R~q|#DH0!أ'!+dx&ؕv*-o B i&ywz2BzIb"MR*]Pؓ㬙4DbՑ-L'/!sd&IL Wo>`,|Uvַ3EΠq.ZgZ?GZSxz1%}/|)GMi[%X?w;&d΋+^v(rQhA(-Dd׹lRj!ctwu~dfd:JͶ{ɇ9&mo~郖UoBMoϿ×T魸:/[~ +5xB  ML ˏUU=s0w|@8]ȰS11pg\p+t 1?ּcO:RJjȶɇИ10Bxv0REVv#U5\v7QnTGf_~[r.=x2-_CϾFYNΠbS.j>hQ+.~Pno˻~֣ "';Osg`xѣLSIEU*g/СCm;ZZZ~ǎ}B!j 7 T!] kZQxm#77j{WHjO⽇~NרIh%؁;2NcJ>>Cn2 KfT On_U̬G>VLNd]F0T/OrI"9lʙf[ir$%l 74-ἣqΦapswGL~cћOH&QÜ~2 R&u'2+5į%Հ[]=@&l&E3n:hB`PvNG hnY<[[Gڇq:o6/fofE*n>"9btf VwW%T8>ڋ:j:l;.G+2szBɫ4BE#aRFʏTUr~V[Ph*L`:j2\Խ GJi&C Xo F4yGꫝv""5%? ބhGw_1zHOyz`OjIm~DJf ZFx"Fl"fdi )#Tޛ8phSr0Օ>g`~fsԁәepQ/uqr2I$VS {Y |*̖:).-".sX&i*4E51"E< ֭ʽ y!(H1B S"?P?yܛdVoU*BKvoGIbdW 6Mͻy푻_q4[3g#gi!Ba:QİQ0*dT8}LJi}KOʤzǰb":Cx:ΏoWuhݾ S4t>{eVŴtZcv}.? l<9>wҦ*/URH0̭!?U6JTj1AJVo^ol Bׯo?s7MǸǷR\\Lzz:yyyo({b8SA\|7u^H#ML Ȥ%g$ۖ-pBA\% Wu2V)/ 0 I?U]40Uqr€M]Zu#OQ_b~*H 퇏;c~N~[PTћhtH1B^ա6/I=Luߩ߱ B5jo1G"nky 7n,;ˆՓٸ&WQז2i]7p.EدqwZ8Ni+Eb+ZɃ# ,\`Yҡn#5B},rocLXƬĻWį|TaFxQ|뷏) ?bH5T~+H~ FȏԿTrяlf9:x%\? 0gc =-]ofZoz~Nw?gmfeDo~#TiSm=aF*5y_= n-B'4ڨZi"v'Q3:h? &8DLPTݝ"AUua)y $;7j!Ŧ~KMZlM'zͭe :ѓz+QSUJR:2A*!ݫ(܄#a #•|*jO]!PRvHEU)U{WVc8mR !&/-9vH ctF&BR}NheZ_ |GFuL+s tSIT2_q8Zʆ RT}7H%R~os_DzA+@p7XP)d`%mZ3RGv}ԾRaJ94jٷ3o?m0U5ϱn~q>yOcڌc {BU%_OKѶ7N*OxH`. Hݧ\/(},/o g>UT}nA)~ʘzRE͠P3cA  $NuwoƬcz@J3+V)vw7fl!"YSdүz&VXe͋_rt2 ƶ]3O#0sػn9+_+RJvrK3xl"D22| UC%Umжb(T;ID"QƌH&Sf?PrTI ߔM>gpc&_4hSM=t/F7 ʤͲ̊y{=G!;ϡ~1ͯ_|ӷ3^9yb=;i &u!u7p儣PpϚ).gG h9+_;N#_W-eĬ!KlG38c#OYת@i,Z SΊC `ب0sBa'Lg :58*Oh7Ya c~0¼ƲMb102+FZz:twǬo!jtvu#4"V 2nG JbDFF~ nB4BzKߓ* ʓj)GJG2iB>1Ueb KS]f ??^(;_cz2y lGig0t(B(<λuo=K)%-jiKŨɌsyUz1&{-^q2I#*YSJIzv{gw/>ȃuu݉ tV>dZ㥍_N:8sH^\#yliMcb$"O!R"A[+9/YU51 IDATÛlR)2?Oop{J5BU0?,@+\D2n%~ P-ѹF>W2HUAb8eK+v. uվ2Ts."qa;ۈ_O{{;s]M*~^%S:U.wl¦q<{o/rYQ3ƷM_򝝔zynlL.?g* $ٲEds1~C%x䉧ero~۹hnm!z4_r.?_O{8??];r62FA{&|%|Ki sNN;Lvx d3_ S'=m^"0+Fߺ1|*Qq^3L83UM۶L%Z&HNv w)5/#EZf9tuee.zp![Vav^ )p/FK1$=w-C3'#Z%;%8_FO\F!-Y'Ts܈leulR˖l۬lؒ&>\+uEY%N Cլg5ɒOu⩗?Oyn&.^͗/›-aN9/w?]¡C9J;;y}HS1\>g=za#(j!U3WyRWVO3|^xů R AC?GWgܣ۶֨s##;D|gk.Zo-*2r@qF>!省˥^eP|0Xp"Yu.è!G~)%5#Fsuy 9IdbRpG-vN: 5"k[lF W3enמz6-;g;_fҀN|ʽ# 25=ŁSk*+}L~Pvo`8 F"Nm&.fM`I}bLФuCUOy퐛O͈10+M{!C64!bw ^W`:$к{ ӫk=@Ÿcli+r̞=q7/bmQZb}-W 6[Ǹ\;N"Ͱ]vaI,q%#" ODE0pF00{g>OOT JfD$(9-1`"g9>"_xO=_|J^~d&3rۼe4HqI9t뚯tLT7R^<=Lكq5<ɓ'3qĨ.7ܪ*; oFliY:it;+EdU8/8#OA."\m;M OsL;˻][n]8r^0"p7W9\«NBBz2|>sKHkn2,|~9Qn 5tÇӭ_h @&R *&<lq/'}H[761tc GHEB]Zf -gݾQA9N-*\_c\ַQE0r4.U>Saϧ`%bFmP9 yf6nƍ)--a׊Vnn 2`4Ɗ{|~QAX5?3穱oiӦ\=FdLy9 rd&BFQVz/{`ÑuiߍK4f 5IW._z8XJ}aӎ?h20QByf&uo1sQ]u]'g;=b8ӑb'TJIy־*߿?w`С$''ug͚%\>ĉrEY襧&WA&?1)((W\a8}:sQ\D& ތ5wlD›CE4vZCN䔼 'DҺ9qlsDkX1112^~l v!l63e8dщ%&F7kVt2ν,cXx{2c(Dv^a"-EdV/&y)__G/ L ^۪TsΥ$8c*bci׮]0FMwv25nL*=~XrJ ?ѾFuy)Y*rZYb3t7OkIP!q \shTN$фlYwC5_7mc \TD ~UU{Ln*[ܹ@c̙i{B/6|pQ1DwJQǶ"yL,'+,7d M]qI7I|f҅C3#>!njM:-b0^=ua{]7X:,p,1NoLFZHM5"ͷc)E8 S[v5 S%'|ªlƆ>X^?-iJj7BC۞fɣ۱7,> %e.'Fai"r>y{]DԔ j¦J% \8jR}[94铤UNزa-亇.2|Wavѣ +^6y ;^GU`5EKSЯ+;kB}>{3-SzmfJUW0piza([H DNTI&Bzz:yDŽТ!hpT^Q0?!(W.z ;&gy:Gbb"ƏAD3.KH'%oc ͓<7_v4c_2@;" l1mlޥcjBNR͐1t]A g\xa ]$x]muuZU_WCUU5{* kںz~-5za=e*]rsٰ.|Ste9*}Qoȵǹ"?m޻n @ըS7/%ڰFRhĈL2"&NM7QHrnuJ:K1f;A$''7-='2[wuM5Ǥ"' p(>۶мek%^It({w@Q7!NGl@#'sRKޗfyoeC"UEgZS^y̔]32.NbjX t}=>}C[ϠlI㮫Hi{~apa]lϡ['\N$שbc8o qmNe@]|~=7>,M W{h#.vq)ⷄƝלޗg7tv*99 `ʔ)a9e!q iUJfMӨɷKm_#` #0fy N8cՖ)2ˉ:+ȁmYٶs_A,?G8*Dchb˜ ya!ؖ)0NҒ2g?F[&{w,htx/7m%~MV kgNe̩"kgNofPPP`sMHAZvu!gi8nam |gS.9A-|bphi$vAC~*~J<-M[໭\5:u.:DHrcZN}wǤbrG.fCh1ޝHMfD\4ymm zdgg# $[(eo #UӯG!W=4+|t~#$ fg-b#lLF; S^]7^g4qiMsF9"ۄM3(<47Z{W ]h>>Gu q:HLMHLJFt_hi!lŌ|>oLABE_~FAg7Z;?fIY^kZFT^T *;$*xy2ZrU[%G$~!V$ V z~Tnz|>n4zM5$JRzB[Es|NϦ[Ѝv;|;LRxiC4f%{`6BTcx*Nϊ4't 2Z& ZH0#G*N23ҙc8SnN>y/f܏Xx C0E5Oocc'2W(]B/)?-W~N: ˫uг`w0%lݺOlmLVd>NȭqTEPwuSN̖~aȲECN]T:Njj*Mh2 =pӣNm0,\}HLʹ*LC};i'dEY>Y&]% ~OdnHKWBDdx'NOANI9=Ft3ޔ \M\3^bFW° vˆImʂ1rx5xZЈˆ-;9a{6ͦWVz| )9-hݬ)NwvvNIHs8 XR ӯ|Ǚzן۲0-G¸93B/p릻a/rH$&,WaÆm6OWEt4;Nu,CLJՒrT*= <"%-,p|N9./-^]xOrBB\XHkpΨk/INv=0K™edGe׬aC2Ns:;JnV6x :CD'Qy008kUY$p;y1(N&٤:뗝n)iK7Z*ck+hʲ'U'&1 BnƬə wG-܈yמ[x#oX[No>,5 @ƛJv'=+0nc̻mғ.Bl\|H' W+Ѧuk[999*.=xkz/$qM ؼ :e}fјܺnfee|6=*̡Koۢ?=w1 蘛’`> 4H,_"JR>7%wZ U>镼"q鍩ªh1mF5í\%TjB0"P5iU] NWe74$)!Vi#pʟ;bcCHعnOFVrJOO+љߒD 4ÓnWگN~o g;= e1unN~+ӥM.Ow;>0[qCxj\1r'\5^|mu$n.y.yLO6 R-"11֧2H~)EEG{ɐ!C>q^'Ө>hxd]c*XO]Jp !]׈ jmbbÞ)q/4$t"&g ʺy"nzFs/ +;JMf1tz1p;wPx&8b6W w|a!g_KbzUh>?qm =|SLlFhIvxi8u |KBBixhzꅦiLNJŶ5$,ڙޝn ͅ`if3}5Ah@}5?/DxӕcI8i䕆t 6>ֱ㩼UԒ)Wٵ{wὩ(.!̇zzwtՉw_2eGL"2(1X ]}te gIf‘mϪƝʙ\C/HɩKhPgM:+Y§O]n';Z >n_Ȯ%sH.ANN'hg̘1 Y:t " ц罹NgN=zmu믿Ԥ8{ B4\3:IFWpa-Ǭג}`sGHZZZ،G `75k?].'#)'hil]>y+w(K0S;A-Yf}(|M p뤿$1||:_e+cVx *5ќyR%=:G(݈QU]KIU\ۣ&bHMM屫%++Ux}uݻwj! ͳk/{H`{.^tpR9/"H HLLVr=1KqHaqGB%K=XO"^0f͚ƛ [Im9u,<5ӬM?}ޤBz秛u*vMx@~5eg |WeC>WOs2Oz*5jlUzٚʋ-V mӃqK`p*/(vU0W*T,Jwjy[ U[ݻw7 C4M#==m2,4mIMup4DcthL6iHLny?VA/}+FyyԖCh']"О_n!pdy.;YrF?]l,>ճl"z L1GtblYes?`XmgSZTƗ_~_vj?_eIDAT站PʬrmIRRr'(%&9?;Vn)~G[رC~#vի߾ҘB~ 766 ]Ưto./%jhVP,uF۔Q wuWTtޛLt]g/)ߵgG c_w$@.7hiU]8_v*!;;;Lg?xѢy.O5lsַ2l*f-lez_p-y+Yk,quجsbb! ǒD|l.i|bP[K8VU iFr;UTMF2xh۶-a"P9H0dV慟B>}"4G*O&$$fl;OOJJ>Z0q.>D:.iq:s(_| U1bؙ_x+:#r|&і&2\D3]q_GƑ*c4sA4.;6B(~LJP_<=߁Y[.Rjc{JOrrk͡,(l61>)}'0q>9VR˩ܺeY ҂viw#7Wd%js6iōɓ'3aWvuw[0TFTYk5PM% U?o޼7geigk[i-CkI1@ 9u8j~iG+6R{ua{S>;a(B-ۆo< C)'6비`K :nޫzU4Z4˥u Uu"/%%C4k2a"ȷ}Ӧae:Y III6233aw~;ښJA yt]>]ubL8OX D5G0 %AՉ*nףy,:6 n6Ƞp7~؞iY?HvTVV-UUUl#XGEU= )-9D~RSRBQQU  %5O=gQvd'ơrP $B}AJKJ @jr"}$?rR9#W0RrNrR*7VU8֖ףqU0li ;捴oy( ,2"JbbcmkO:{czԧ!z8@}UE`̚=5e0H*WΒQW=:'?Oސ4MoYa7%0kY-7p[Unqwq|w~شLz{b;1P[e ~f&:\}kyEtɩf{ƩQC5|zN>;KgE蝗*2wz*;( ˍ09X4C*OJՆ*_h4*/%܆ *xęQ*qY1yJ[׭riAt_~j6tӣiV&e\V3\tz_*wm3 yVfc4nc Yl0bbbBIc.gI:`/z>b㓎-ʢze {~Z7iw.RW`o^^UE'd~B{q1[r*#쎣^; "2^eT^0TU`xN9<t *jՊnlݸm (/gkƌCGL գoμ<}2;$???ݼ<\{z}O샠k~ʉ+汕 yAff< KMM=YIƨ9|OHEN&ٳ{z9ڿ4o8X^EzvsŅ$^k+Klz;S%0FEmܼ\bp'!X*"+ApX]I^ MVPf? Cn iAOwߧi<C ihxUC1+FFFgK4&|O@mm-ݺ5Ohwc䧙#udR8F3'sŧ IzWW"Q\pban`͖}҃y橿ӵg[-##C)_}YFA}dt!aa?\OjJr68c$l7RPyA RIL^;SHb^Jv'F?mx򥦦rڀ>[OrR)[[7Ƥ;ntGZ H-R.~^=:t-@W7NL|i>N, kݪyi<(Yd4K`%'LƼ0w4Z$,-6=Rl:˯nvw=irJ긑|Y߫MzGᕼH Sm;1T㏧^}o$q1"0mGG:tlGL~ySړ5RHLlDu!*k6aEiktnBiΎ>a }!3Ѽ]'/YKԶ5Ah6ɨ}@A.9ƤsUe;9yu2jpZUUߍaݮ;qQ0 U[*]?F$[%/[9x핌ԛ 㮤m۶ B*[EctxbԕqV㠶 HylY!M_#M0Cw᫕zvM ؽ7d0v`wMzVF0-9Wy "O,2JhXKq]0T[[n< Warning: fopen(http://spatialanalysis.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/map-with-R-300x274-300x210.png): failed to open stream: HTTP wrapper does not support writeable connections in /var/sites/s/spatial.ly/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-image-editor.php on line 430
R Maps

R Maps

This is an updated version of my Making Maps with R tutorial. I think the code is lot simpler and it also includes some data for you to play around with. Background: Spatial data are becoming increasingly common, as are the tools available in R to process it. Of course one of the best ways of visualizing spatial data is through a map. Maps need to be well thought out. Not least, the selected colours need to be appropriate and sufficient context is provided through the use of a legend, title, scale bar and north arrow. The worksheet will demonstrate how to produce a map with R that includes all these elements. Data Requirements: London Sport Participation Shapefile. Download (requires unzipping) Install the following packages (if you haven’t already done so): maptools, RColorBrewer, classInt Click here to view the tutorial...

Read More